Data Reports, Literature Syntheses and Reviews

Data Reports

Literature Syntheses and Reviews

Briefs and Checklists

All Briefs and Checklists are derived from literature synthesis and reviews.

Leadership Brief
This Leadership Brief includes findings from a meta-analysis of leadership practices studies (Dunst et al., 2018) and descriptions of the implications of the results for leadership development (Brittain & Bernotavicz, 2014). The meta-analysis included 112 studies of more than 39,000 followers (the term used in the leadership literature to describe employees, staff, workers, etc.). The studies were conducted in 31 countries in diverse programs, organizations, and businesses.

Leadership Practices Checklist
This checklist includes 12 leadership practices that research indicates are related to positive organizational, teaming, leader, and employee outcomes (Dunst, et al., 2018). A leader can use any set of practices to actively engage employees in achieving organizational goals. Choose the set that best fits your organizational needs and plan and rehearse how you will use the practices to improve your leadership skills. Use the checklist to review your leadership practices following leader-staff interactions to self-assess your use of the practices or to have a coach, supervisor, or peer provide feedback and suggestions to improve your leadership skills.

In-Service Brief Overview

The purpose of this brief is to share the findings from the in-service meta-synthesis professional development research: Features Associated with Positive Educator and Student Outcomes.

Pre-Service Brief Overview 
The purpose of this brief is to share the findings, from the pre-service personnel preparation meta-analysis to early childhood personnel who have an interest, influence, and/or planning responsibilities related to preparing high-quality EC/EI professionals.

ECPC/DEC Blended Personnel Preparation Programs Think Tank Brief 2020 
The purpose of the brief is to share the findings and recommendations obtained from leaders in the ECE and EI/ECSE fields with expertise in developing and implementing blended personnel preparation programs.

ECPC Core Elements of Technical Assistance Checklist
This checklist uses the core elements that were found in a scoping review of Technical Assistance models and frameworks (Dunst, Annas, Wilkie & Hamby, 2019) and incorporated into this self-assessment as you prepare to deliver technical assistance to a program, organization or system.

ECPC TA Brief Overview
The purpose of this brief is to introduce the findings from a meta-analysis that focuses on describing the essential elements of technical assistance used to help the quality improvement efforts of early childhood programs and organizations.


Crosswalks identify similarities and differences between two different systems to support understanding, decision making, planning, and other applications; a bridging technique.


Crosswalk of the Initial Practice-Based Professional Preparation Standards EI/ECSE (2020) and the DEC Recommended Practices (2014)

Crosswalk of the EI/ECSE Standards (2020) with DEC RPs (2014)


Crosswalk of the Initial Practice-Based Professional Preparation Standards EI/ECSE (2020) and the Professional Standards and Competencies for ECE (2020)

Crosswalk of the EI/ECSE (2020) and ECE Standards (2020) 




The contents of these documents were developed under a cooperative agreement from the US Department of Education, #H325B120004 and Cooperative Agreement #H325B17008. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the US Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.