Connecticut State Personnel Standards

Audiologist

Discipline Audiologist
License/Certificate Augiologist Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=398074
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Doctorate's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Praxis II in audiology by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), 170

Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist

Discipline Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist
License/Certificate Hearing Impaired, Pre-K - 12
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&Q=321230&sdePNavCtr=|#45442
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Requirement A total of 30 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience appropriate to the level and specific subject for which certification is sought, and designed to develop understanding of the special field. This shall include study in each of the following areas: (l) The teaching of speech to the hearing-impaired; (2) The teaching of language to the hearing-impaired; (3) Methods of teaching elementary school subjects to the hearing-impaired; (4) Methods of teaching lip reading to the hearing-impaired; (5) Auditory and speech mechanisms; (6) Audiometry, hearing aids and auditory training; (7) Education and guidance to the hearing-impaired
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? A total of 30 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience appropriate to the level and specific subject for which certification is sought, and designed to develop understanding of the special field. This shall include study in each of the following areas: (l) The teaching of speech to the hearing-impaired; (2) The teaching of language to the hearing-impaired; (3) Methods of teaching elementary school subjects to the hearing-impaired; (4) Methods of teaching lip reading to the hearing-impaired; (5) Auditory and speech mechanisms; (6) Audiometry, hearing aids and auditory training; (7) Education and guidance to the hearing-impaired
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Educators who have completed the equivalent of two school years of full-time teaching in the grade level and subject appropriate to the endorsement requested may waive the planned program requirement. However, all coursework, degree, testing and any experiential requirements must still be met. To obtain Connecticut teacher certification based on teaching experience, educators must: 1. Document no fewer than 20 school months of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the same approved nonpublic school OR an out-of-state public school under a valid certificate; 2. Pass Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) or present official evidence of meeting waiver* requirements; 3. Pass subject-specific tests, for those endorsements where a test is required*; and 4. Successfully complete all required general academic and professional education coursework for the endorsement areas sought. All coursework must result in credit awarded to official transcripts from regionally accredited colleges or universities

Early Childhood Educator – Special Ed., Birth – K

Discipline Early Childhood Educator
License/Certificate Integrated Early Childhood/Special Ed., Birth - K
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&Q=321230&sdePNavCtr=|#45442
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - 5 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Has completed a minimum of 15 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies. This may be completed as part of a subject-area major or general academic courses; 2. Has a minimum of 39 semester hours of credit in general academic courses in five of the six areas listed below. A survey course in United States history, comprised of not fewer than three semester hours of credit shall be included. (1) Natural sciences; (2) Social studies; (3) Fine arts; (4) English; (5) Mathematics; and (6) Foreign language; 3. Has completed a subject-area major consisting of one of the following: (1) A major awarded by an approved institution in any one subject area except that a major in professional education may not be accepted in fulfillment of this requirement; or (2) A 39-semester-hour-credit interdisciplinary major consisting of a concentration of at least 18 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies, with the remainder distributed among no more than three additional subjects related to human growth and development, except that a major or course work in professional education may not be accepted in fulfillment of any portion of this requirement; and 4. Has a minimum of 36 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience in early childhood education to be distributed among each of the following: (1) Foundations of education. This group includes areas such as: philosophy of education; history of education; and comparative education; (2) Curriculum and methods of teaching. (A) This group shall include course work in: (i) Curriculum and methods for typical and special-needs children, taught in a manner that would facilitate the understanding of children with specialneeds in a least-restrictive environment, and shall consist of course work in integrated curriculum and strategies for developmentally appropriate nursery-kindergarten programs, to include study in each of the following areas, with at least six credits in the area (*) of which at least three credits shall be in methods of teaching language arts: (ii) *Learning and teaching of language arts, children's literature, mathematics, science, social studies, expressive arts, health/safety through an integrated curriculum; or developmentally appropriate curriculum for early childhood; or integrated early childhood curriculum; (iii) Observation and assessment of development in young children and planning individualized programs; (iv) Classroom organization and facilitating play; or effective teaching and organizational skills in an environment with play; or role of play and the learning environment; (v) Early childhood program models, and issues including family and professional collaboration and diversity; (vi) Program adaptations for children with special needs; or teaching strategies and related services for children with special needs; or program planning for children with special needs; and (B) This group shall consist of course work in facilitating development and programming for normal and special-needs infants and toddlers with study in at least three of the following four areas: (i) Infant/toddler development and assessment; or assessment of behavior and development in infants and toddlers; (ii) Curriculum development for infants and toddlers; or appropriate environment and the role of play; (iii) Infant/toddler program models, issues and collaborations; or programs for infants and toddlers with parent and professional support; (iv) Adaptations for infants and toddlers with special needs; or adapting the infant/toddler environment for children with special needs
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Field experiences should include observations and limited participation teaching prior to full-time student teaching and practicum. All students shall complete (A) and (B) totaling at least six, but not more than 12 semester hours of credit: (A) Supervised student teaching or practicum in a pre-kindergarten or kindergarten, including children with special needs; and (B) For birth through kindergarten supervised student teaching in a program serving infants and toddlers, including children with special needs; for nursery-grade three supervised student teaching in grades one, two or three.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Alternate Route to Certification in Early Childhood Education via Charter Oak State College: Minimum Qualifications To be considered for the program, applicants must meet the following minimum requirements: 1. Have completed a bachelor's degree with 15 credits in the areas of typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies. Candidates who completed a bachelor's degree without a declared major must have completed 18 hours of related coursework. 2. Have passed the Praxis I or have SAT scores of at least 1100 and received a waiver from the State Department of Education. 3. Have attained a 3.0 cumulative GPA. Students with GPAs between 2.7 and 3.0 may petition in writing for consideration of a waiver based on a history of exceptional professional experience. 4. Have at least three years of verified full-time experience as an early childhood educator (with children ages birth through five) or as a home visitor providing educational services to families with children between the ages of birth to five. 5. Two professional references. http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/lib/sde/pdf/cert/obtaining1109aw.pdf Educators who have completed the equivalent of two school years of full-time teaching in the grade level and subject appropriate to the endorsement requested may waive the planned program requirement. However, all coursework, degree, testing and any experiential requirements must still be met. To obtain Connecticut teacher certification based on teaching experience, educators must: 1. Document no fewer than 20 school months of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the same approved nonpublic school OR an out-of-state public school under a valid certificate; 2. Pass Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) or present official evidence of meeting waiver* requirements; 3. Pass subject-specific tests, for those endorsements where a test is required*; and 4. Successfully complete all required general academic and professional education coursework for the endorsement areas sought. All coursework must result in credit awarded to official transcripts from regionally accredited colleges or universities

Early Childhood Educator – Special Ed., N – K – Elem. 1 – 3

Discipline Early Childhood Educator
License/Certificate Integrated Early Childhood/Special Ed., N - K - Elem. 1 - 3
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&Q=321230&sdePNavCtr=|#45442
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 3rd grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Has completed a minimum of 15 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies. 2. Has a minimum of 39 semester hours of credit in general academic courses in five of the six areas listed below. A survey course in United States history, comprised of not fewer than three semester hours of credit shall be included. (1) Natural sciences; (2) Social studies; (3) Fine arts; (4) English; (5) Mathematics; and (6) Foreign language; 3. Has completed one of the following: (1) A major awarded by an approved institution in any one subject area except that a major in professional education may not be accepted in fulfillment of this requirement; or (2) A 39-semester-hour-credit interdisciplinary major consisting of a concentration of at least 18 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies, with the remainder distributed among no more than three additional subjects related to human growth and development; and 4. Has a minimum of 36 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience in early childhood education: (1) Foundations of education. This group includes areas such as: philosophy of education; history of education; and comparative education; (2) Curriculum and methods of teaching. (A) include course work in: (i) Curriculum and methods for typical and special-needs children, taught in a manner that would facilitate the understanding of children with special needs in a least-restrictive environment, and shall consist of course work in integrated curriculum and strategies for developmentally appropriate nursery-kindergarten programs, to include study in each of the following areas, with at least six credits in the area (*) of which at least three credits shall be in methods of teaching language arts: (ii) *Learning and teaching of language arts, children's literature, mathematics, science, social studies, expressive arts, health/safety through an integrated curriculum; or developmentally appropriate curriculum for early childhood; or integrated early childhood curriculum; (iii) Observation and assessment of development in young children and planning individualized programs; (iv) Classroom organization and facilitating play; or effective teaching and organizational skills in an environment with play; or role of play and the learning environment; (v) Early childhood program models, and issues including family and professional collaboration and diversity; (vi) Program adaptations for children with special needs; or teaching strategies and related services for children with special needs; or program planning for children with special needs; and (B) course work in facilitating development and programming for normal and special-needs infants and toddlers with study in at least three of the following four areas: (i) Infant/toddler development and assessment; or assessment of behavior and development in infants and toddlers; (ii) Curriculum development for infants and toddlers; or appropriate environment and the role of play; (iii) Infant/toddler program models, issues and collaborations; or programs for infants and toddlers with parent and professional support; (iv) Adaptations for infants and toddlers with special needs; or adapting the infant/toddler environment for children with special needs. (C)course work in: (i) Curriculum and strategies for developmentally appropriate practices in the primary grades (ii) Learning and teaching of language arts, children's literature, mathematics, science, social studies, the arts, health/safety, physical education; or curriculum for the primary grades.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Field experiences should include observations and limited participation teaching prior to full-time student teaching and practicum. All students shall complete (A) and (B) totaling at least six, but not more than 12 semester hours of credit: (A) Supervised student teaching or practicum in a pre-kindergarten or kindergarten, including children with special needs; and (B) For birth through kindergarten supervised student teaching in a program serving infants and toddlers, including children with special needs; for nursery-grade three supervised student teaching in grades one, two or three.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Educators who have completed the equivalent of two school years of full-time teaching in the grade level and subject appropriate to the endorsement requested may waive the planned program requirement. However, all coursework, degree, testing and any experiential requirements must still be met. To obtain Connecticut teacher certification based on teaching experience, educators must: 1. Document no fewer than 20 school months of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the same approved nonpublic school OR an out-of-state public school under a valid certificate; 2. Pass Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) or present official evidence of meeting waiver* requirements; 3. Pass subject-specific tests, for those endorsements where a test is required*; and 4. Successfully complete all required general academic and professional education coursework for the endorsement areas sought. All coursework must result in credit awarded to official transcripts from regionally accredited colleges or universities

Early Childhood Educator – Special Ed., Birth – K

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Integrated Early Childhood/Special Ed., Birth - K
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&Q=321230&sdePNavCtr=|#45442
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - 5 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Has completed a minimum of 15 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies. This may be completed as part of a subject-area major or general academic courses; 2. Has a minimum of 39 semester hours of credit in general academic courses in five of the six areas listed below. A survey course in United States history, comprised of not fewer than three semester hours of credit shall be included. (1) Natural sciences; (2) Social studies; (3) Fine arts; (4) English; (5) Mathematics; and (6) Foreign language; 3. Has completed a subject-area major consisting of one of the following: (1) A major awarded by an approved institution in any one subject area except that a major in professional education may not be accepted in fulfillment of this requirement; or (2) A 39-semester-hour-credit interdisciplinary major consisting of a concentration of at least 18 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies, with the remainder distributed among no more than three additional subjects related to human growth and development, except that a major or course work in professional education may not be accepted in fulfillment of any portion of this requirement; and 4. Has a minimum of 36 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience in early childhood education to be distributed among each of the following: (1) Foundations of education. This group includes areas such as: philosophy of education; history of education; and comparative education; (2) Curriculum and methods of teaching. (A) This group shall include course work in: (i) Curriculum and methods for typical and special-needs children, taught in a manner that would facilitate the understanding of children with specialneeds in a least-r+K3estrictive environment, and shall consist of course work in integrated curriculum and strategies for developmentally appropriate nursery-kindergarten programs, to include study in each of the following areas, with at least six credits in the area (*) of which at least three credits shall be in methods of teaching language arts: (ii) *Learning and teaching of language arts, children's literature, mathematics, science, social studies, expressive arts, health/safety through an integrated curriculum; or developmentally appropriate curriculum for early childhood; or integrated early childhood curriculum; (iii) Observation and assessment of development in young children and planning individualized programs; (iv) Classroom organization and facilitating play; or effective teaching and organizational skills in an environment with play; or role of play and the learning environment; (v) Early childhood program models, and issues including family and professional collaboration and diversity; (vi) Program adaptations for children with special needs; or teaching strategies and related services for children with special needs; or program planning for children with special needs; and (B) This group shall consist of course work in facilitating development and programming for normal and special-needs infants and toddlers with study in at least three of the following four areas: (i) Infant/toddler development and assessment; or assessment of behavior and development in infants and toddlers; (ii) Curriculum development for infants and toddlers; or appropriate environment and the role of play; (iii) Infant/toddler program models, issues and collaborations; or programs for infants and toddlers with parent and professional support; (iv) Adaptations for infants and toddlers with special needs; or adapting the infant/toddler environment for children with special needs
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Field experiences should include observations and limited participation teaching prior to full-time student teaching and practicum. All students shall complete (A) and (B) totaling at least six, but not more than 12 semester hours of credit: (A) Supervised student teaching or practicum in a pre-kindergarten or kindergarten, including children with special needs; and (B) For birth through kindergarten supervised student teaching in a program serving infants and toddlers, including children with special needs; for nursery-grade three supervised student teaching in grades one, two or three.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Alternate Route to Certification in Early Childhood Education via Charter Oak State College: Minimum Qualifications To be considered for the program, applicants must meet the following minimum requirements: 1. Have completed a bachelor's degree with 15 credits in the areas of typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies. Candidates who completed a bachelor's degree without a declared major must have completed 18 hours of related coursework. 2. Have passed the Praxis I or have SAT scores of at least 1100 and received a waiver from the State Department of Education. 3. Have attained a 3.0 cumulative GPA. Students with GPAs between 2.7 and 3.0 may petition in writing for consideration of a waiver based on a history of exceptional professional experience. 4. Have at least three years of verified full-time experience as an early childhood educator (with children ages birth through five) or as a home visitor providing educational services to families with children between the ages of birth to five. 5. Two professional references. http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/lib/sde/pdf/cert/obtaining1109aw.pdf Educators who have completed the equivalent of two school years of full-time teaching in the grade level and subject appropriate to the endorsement requested may waive the planned program requirement. However, all coursework, degree, testing and any experiential requirements must still be met. To obtain Connecticut teacher certification based on teaching experience, educators must: 1. Document no fewer than 20 school months of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the same approved nonpublic school OR an out-of-state public school under a valid certificate; 2. Pass Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) or present official evidence of meeting waiver* requirements; 3. Pass subject-specific tests, for those endorsements where a test is required*; and 4. Successfully complete all required general academic and professional education coursework for the endorsement areas sought. All coursework must result in credit awarded to official transcripts from regionally accredited colleges or universities

Early Childhood Educator – Special Ed., N – K – Elem. 1 – 3

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Integrated Early Childhood/Special Ed., N - K - Elem. 1 - 3
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&Q=321230&sdePNavCtr=|#45442
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 3rd grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Has completed a minimum of 15 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies. 2. Has a minimum of 39 semester hours of credit in general academic courses in five of the six areas listed below. A survey course in United States history, comprised of not fewer than three semester hours of credit shall be included. (1) Natural sciences; (2) Social studies; (3) Fine arts; (4) English; (5) Mathematics; and (6) Foreign language; 3. Has completed one of the following: (1) A major awarded by an approved institution in any one subject area except that a major in professional education may not be accepted in fulfillment of this requirement; or (2) A 39-semester-hour-credit interdisciplinary major consisting of a concentration of at least 18 semester hours of credit in human growth and development, including: typical and atypical development, psychology of learning and family studies, with the remainder distributed among no more than three additional subjects related to human growth and development; and 4. Has a minimum of 36 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience in early childhood education: (1) Foundations of education. This group includes areas such as: philosophy of education; history of education; and comparative education; (2) Curriculum and methods of teaching. (A) include course work in: (i) Curriculum and methods for typical and special-needs children, taught in a manner that would facilitate the understanding of children with special needs in a least-restrictive environment, and shall consist of course work in integrated curriculum and strategies for developmentally appropriate nursery-kindergarten programs, to include study in each of the following areas, with at least six credits in the area (*) of which at least three credits shall be in methods of teaching language arts: (ii) *Learning and teaching of language arts, children's literature, mathematics, science, social studies, expressive arts, health/safety through an integrated curriculum; or developmentally appropriate curriculum for early childhood; or integrated early childhood curriculum; (iii) Observation and assessment of development in young children and planning individualized programs; (iv) Classroom organization and facilitating play; or effective teaching and organizational skills in an environment with play; or role of play and the learning environment; (v) Early childhood program models, and issues including family and professional collaboration and diversity; (vi) Program adaptations for children with special needs; or teaching strategies and related services for children with special needs; or program planning for children with special needs; and (B) course work in facilitating development and programming for normal and special-needs infants and toddlers with study in at least three of the following four areas: (i) Infant/toddler development and assessment; or assessment of behavior and development in infants and toddlers; (ii) Curriculum development for infants and toddlers; or appropriate environment and the role of play; (iii) Infant/toddler program models, issues and collaborations; or programs for infants and toddlers with parent and professional support; (iv) Adaptations for infants and toddlers with special needs; or adapting the infant/toddler environment for children with special needs. (C)course work in: (i) Curriculum and strategies for developmentally appropriate practices in the primary grades (ii) Learning and teaching of language arts, children's literature, mathematics, science, social studies, the arts, health/safety, physical education; or curriculum for the primary grades.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Field experiences should include observations and limited participation teaching prior to full-time student teaching and practicum. All students shall complete (A) and (B) totaling at least six, but not more than 12 semester hours of credit: (A) Supervised student teaching or practicum in a pre-kindergarten or kindergarten, including children with special needs; and (B) For birth through kindergarten supervised student teaching in a program serving infants and toddlers, including children with special needs; for nursery-grade three supervised student teaching in grades one, two or three.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Educators who have completed the equivalent of two school years of full-time teaching in the grade level and subject appropriate to the endorsement requested may waive the planned program requirement. However, all coursework, degree, testing and any experiential requirements must still be met. To obtain Connecticut teacher certification based on teaching experience, educators must: 1. Document no fewer than 20 school months of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the same approved nonpublic school OR an out-of-state public school under a valid certificate; 2. Pass Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) or present official evidence of meeting waiver* requirements; 3. Pass subject-specific tests, for those endorsements where a test is required*; and 4. Successfully complete all required general academic and professional education coursework for the endorsement areas sought. All coursework must result in credit awarded to official transcripts from regionally accredited colleges or universities

Early Childhood Special Educator – Intervention Specialist

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Early Intervention Specialist
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.birth23.org/providers/cert/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - 3 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Successful completion of at least 4 approved three-credit courses from an accredited institution of higher education. Coursework must include 2 courses that focus on infant/toddler, 1 course on evaluation and assessment, and 1 course on either working with families or early language and literacy. Obtain the Connecticut Birth to Three Infant Toddler Family Specialist Credential with endorsement 1.2.0 or 1.2.3.; this covers the roles of direct service, evaluations, and 1.2.3 also covers service coordination.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Completion of at least 300 hours of practicum or work experience with young children (birth to 8 years old)
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? A multiple-choice examination, 50 items for those taking the service delivery section and 75 items for those that are seeking an endorsement that includes evaluation (1.2.0 and 1.2.3), and EIS is based on the indicators of effective practice listed on pages 4 - 10.

Early Childhood Special Educator – Infant Toddler Family Specialist

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Infant Toddler Family Specialist (ITFS) credential
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.birth23.org/providers/cert/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - 3 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? A multiple-choice examination, 50 items for those taking the service delivery section and 75 items for those that are seeking an endorsement that includes evaluation (1.2.0 and 1.2.3).

Family Therapist

Discipline Family Therapist
License/Certificate Marital and Family Therapist Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389370
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Complete a course of study which encompassed a minimum of two academic years of full-time graduate study, or its equivalent, in marital and family therapy, including a minimum of one academic year of full-time graduate study, or its equivalent, in marital and family therapy completed at the institution granting the graduate degree. Coursework: (1) a total of 45 semester hours, or its equivalent, of coursework in the degree program; (2) 6 semester hours, or its equivalent, of classroom instruction in the theoretical foundations of Marital and Family Systems; (3) 6 semester hours, or its equivalent, of classroom instruction in the theories and practices of Marital and Family Therapy, including diagnosis assessment and treatment processes; (4) 6 semester hours, or its equivalent, of classroom instruction in Individual Development including, but not necessarily limited to, life-span human development, personality theory, psychopathology, or human sexuality; (5) a total of 27 semester hours, or its equivalent, of classroom instruction in the content areas specified in (2), (3), and (4) combined; (6) 3 semester hours, or its equivalent, of classroom instruction in Professional Ethics and Standards, including but not necessarily limited to professional socialization, legal responsibilities and liabilities, ethics and family law, licensure or certification laws, confidentiality, independent practice and interprofessional cooperation; and (7) 3 semester hours, or its equivalent, of classroom instruction in Research Methodology including, but not necessarily limited to, research design, statistical analysis, computer applications, or critical appraisal of published research.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Has completed, in addition to the supervised practicum or field work experience, an internship consisting of 10 school months or its equivalent in a period not to exceed 20 school months, of supervised experience in a school setting under the supervision of a certified school psychologist, the local school system and the preparing institution.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The Examination in Marital and Family Therapy of the Association of Marital and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards, cannot find the passing score.
Additional requirements specific for schools? Is called "School Marriage and Family Therapist" endorsement. To receive an initial educator certificate to serve as a school marriage and family therapist, the applicant shall meet the following requirements: (a) Holds a Bachelor's degree from an approved institution; (b) Holds a master's degree from an approved institution with a planned program in marriage and family therapy accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education (COAMFTE); (c) Has successfully met Praxis I requirements; (d) Holds a valid license from the Connecticut Department of Public Health pursuant to Section 20-195c of the Connecticut General Statutes to practice marriage and family therapy; (e) Has completed graduate coursework in the following areas: (1) Child and adolescent development; (2) Learning theories; (3) School-based systems theory; (4) Federal and state education laws including, but not limited to, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Americans with Disabilities Act Section 504, professional ethics and code of professional responsibility for educators, Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and statutory requirements for mandated reporting, suspensions and expulsions, and school and district accountability; and (5) 300 hours of school-based marriage and family therapy practicum jointly supervised by faculty of a program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education (COAMFTE) and a special service staff member of a board of education; (f) Has completed a course of study in special education comprised of not fewer than 36 clock hours, which shall include study in understanding the growth and development of exceptional children, including handicapped and gifted and talented children and children who may require special education, and methods for identifying, planning for and working effectively with special-needs children in the regular classroom.

Nurse

Discipline Nurse
License/Certificate Registered Nurse Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389432
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Curriculum for registered nursing education are specified: (a) The curriculum shall meet the requirements of the parent institution in which the Nursing Education Program is housed and the state requirements for eligibility of the graduate for admission to the registered nurse licensing examination prescribed pursuant to Section 20-92 of the Connecticut General Statutes. (b) The curriculum shall integrate theory and clinical practice in a manner that shall cause the Nursing Education Program graduates to meet the educational outcomes for registered nursing described in Section 20-90-53 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies. (c) The minimum length of the nursing component of the program must be equivalent to four 15 week academic semesters and contain a minimum of thirty-five (35) semester hours of credit in nursing. Fifty percent of contact hours shall be in supervised direct client care experiences, observational experiences and simulated experiences appropriate to the program's educational outcomes, and laboratory experiences for the acquisition and practice of clinical nursing skills.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Fifty percent of contact hours shall be in supervised direct client care experiences, observational experiences and simulated experiences appropriate to the program's educational outcomes, and laboratory experiences for the acquisition and practice of clinical nursing skills. (Cannot find the # of hours)
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The National Council of State Boards of Nursing Licensing Examination-RN, Cannot find a score on the exam website (a sample "Candidate Performance Report" notes that a candidate performs "below the passing standard" and the # of questions answered if the candidate fails, but no passing standard is specified)
Additional requirements specific for schools? Is called "School Nurse Teacher". Requirements: 1. Must complete, at a regionally accredited college or university, a planned program of preparation leading to a recommendation for certification; 2. All applicants who do not hold a valid Connecticut educator certificate must meet the following requirements: Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) paper-based or Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) computerized or Waiver; 3. A course of study in special education comprised of not fewer than 36 clock hours, which shall include study in understanding the growth and development of exceptional children, including handicapped and gifted and talented children and children who may require special education, and methods for identifying, planning for and working effectively with special-needs children in the regular classroom. In addition, an applicant who holds a valid Connecticut educator teaching certificate must meet the required course of study in special education to obtain certification in all special service areas; 4. Graduated from a school of professional nursing; Bachelor's degree with a minimum of 40 semester hours of credit in general education, including six credits in English and six credits in social sciences; 5. Has 36 semester hours of credit in a planned program of study and experience, including study among each of the following: - Foundations of education. - Educational psychology. - Curriculum and methods of teaching. - Supervised field experience in a public health agency or a minimum of six semesters hours of credit and no more than 12 semester hours of credit in student teaching of health education. - Health education - School health services.

Occupational Therapist

Discipline Occupational Therapist
License/Certificate Occupational Therapist Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389444
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Satisfactorily completed at least 24 weeks of supervised field work experience.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) certification examination, 450.
Additional requirements specific for schools? 1. Bachelor's or master's degree in occupational therapy from a school accredited by the American Occupational Therapy Association; 2. Current certification from the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy; 3. Licensed to practice occupational therapy in Connecticut; and 4. If less that three years experience in pediatrics and/or school setting, must have samediscipline supervision or mentorship.

Physical Therapist

Discipline Physical Therapist
License/Certificate Physical Therapist Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389476&dphNav_GID=1821
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Successful completion of the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) administered by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy, 600.
Additional requirements specific for schools? Is called "School Physical Therapist". Requirements: 1. Bachelor's or master's degree in physical therapy from a school accredited by the American Physical Therapy Association (credentialing organization must review foreign-trained PT qualifications); 2. Licensed to practice physical therapy in Connecticut; 3. If less than three years experience in pediatrics and/or school setting, receive same discipline supervision or mentorship whenever available.

Psychologist

Discipline Psychologist
License/Certificate Psychologist Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389548
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Doctorate's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Complete a course of studies which encompasses a minimum of three academic years, or its equivalent, of full-time graduate study, of which a minimum of one academic year, or its equivalent, of fulltime academic graduate study in psychology must be completed in residence at the institution granting the doctoral degree. 2. Complete a course of studies which encompasses instruction in scientific methods in psychology and which shall include instruction in research design and methodology, statistics, and psychometrics. Acceptable evidence of applicant coursework shall document satisfactory completion of a minimum of six graduate semester hours, or ten graduate trimester hours, of study in scientific methods of psychology, including the study of research design and methodology, statistics, and psychometrics. Not less than three graduate semester hours, or five graduate trimester hours, of the applicant's study in scientific methods of psychologyshall be in research design, methodology, and statistics. 3. Demonstrate that the content of his doctoral program was primarily psychological by completion of classroom instruction of a total of at least twentyone graduate semester hours, or thirty-five graduate trimester hours, of classroom instruction encompassing the four substantive content areas in the following four substantive basic science areas: (a) Biological bases of behavior, for example, physiological psychology, comparative psychology, neuropsychology, sensation-and perception, psychopharmacology. (b) Cognitive affective bases of behavior, for example, learning, thinking, motivation, emotion. (c) Social bases of behavior, for example, social psychology, group processes, organizational and systems theory. (d) Individual differences, for example, personality theory, human development, abnormal psychology.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Supervised observation, participation and full-time responsible student teaching totaling at least six but not more than 12 semester hours of credit as part of the requirement
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) administered by the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards; Prior to April 2001, the cut score for the EPPP is 70%. On or after April 2001, the passing score is 500. 2. The Connecticut jurisprudence examination, at least eighteen (18) questions must be answered correctly out of the 25 questions in order to pass.

School Psychologist

Discipline School Psychologist
License/Certificate School Psychologist
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2678&q=320742
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Not specified
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Has completed, as part of or in addition to the master's degree, at least 45 semester hours of graduate credit in a planned program in school psychological services as attested to by an approved institution; 2. A course of study in special education comprised of not fewer than 36 clock hours, which shall include study in understanding the growth and development of exceptional children, including handicapped and gifted and talented children and children who may require special education, and methods for identifying, planning for and working effectively with special-needs children in the regular classroom.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Complete a course of studies which includes a formal practicum, internship, or field training which is supervised by program faculty, which is appropriate to the practice of psychology, and which is a minimum of one academic year in duration.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.

School Social Worker

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate School Social Worker
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&q=321308
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework A course of study in special education comprised of not fewer than 36 clock hours, which shall include study in understanding the growth and development of exceptional children, including handicapped and gifted and talented children and children who may require special education, and methods for identifying, planning for and working effectively with special-needs children in the regular classroom.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? All applicants who do not hold a valid Connecticut educator certificate must meet the following requirements: Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST): paper-based or Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST): computerized or Waiver (SAT: a combined score of 1,100 or more with no less than 450 on either the verbal or mathematics subtests , ACT: No less than 22 on the English subtest and no less than 19 on the mathematics subtest and PAA: A total score on the Prueba de Aptitud Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest score below the equivalent of 400 points. In addition, a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). )

Social Worker – Clinical

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate Clinical Social Worker Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389604
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The Clinical Level Examination of the Association of Social Work Boards; All ASWB examination scores are reported as pass/fail, with the number of questions needed to pass the examination, and because test questions change from one administration to the next, statistical adjustments must be made to account for small differences in the overall difficulty of individual examinations.

Speech Language Pathologist

Discipline Speech Language Pathologist
License/Certificate Speech and Language Pathologist Licensure
State Department Connecticut Department of Public Health
State Department Hyperlink http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389588&dphNav_GID=1821
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Praxis II in speech and language pathology administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), 600
Additional requirements specific for schools? 1. Must complete, at a regionally accredited college or university, a planned program of preparation leading to a recommendation for certification; 2. All applicants who do not hold a valid Connecticut educator certificate must meet the following requirements: Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) paper-based or Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) computerized or Waiver; 3. A course of study in special education comprised of not fewer than 36 clock hours, which shall include study in understanding the growth and development of exceptional children, including handicapped and gifted and talented children and children who may require special education, and methods for identifying, planning for and working effectively with special-needs children in the regular classroom. In addition, an applicant who holds a valid Connecticut educator teaching certificate must meet the required course of study in special education to obtain certification in all special service areas; 4. Three semester hours of credit in curriculum and methods of providing clinical services to children with communication impairments in schools; 5. Six semester hours of credit in professional education, including course work in such areas as: - Foundations of education - Psychology: child, educational, developmental, adolescent, or cognitive learning; - Classroom instruction and management, bilingual/bicultural education, reading, curriculum development or behavioral management; 6. A minimum of six semester hours of credit and no more than 12 semester hours of credit in supervised observation, participation and full-time student teaching. Must include at least 100 clock hours of supervised clinical practice for a board of education.

Vision Specialist – Blind, Pre-K – 12

Discipline Vision Specialist
License/Certificate Blind, Pre-K - 12
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&Q=321230&sdePNavCtr=|#45442
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Has a minimum of 30 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience appropriate to the level and special subject for which certification is sought, and which is designed to develop understanding of the special field. This shall include study in each of the following areas, and include the specific amount of credit where such is specified: (1) Foundations of education. This group includes areas such as: (A) history of education, (B) principles of education, (C) philosophy of education, (D) comparative education and (E) community sociology, community resources and social anthropology;(2) Educational psychology. This group includes areas such as: (A) psychology of learning, (B) human growth and development, (C) child-adolescent psychology and (D) mental hygiene; (3) Curriculum and methods of teaching. This group includes areas such as: (A) methods of teaching (B) the teaching of reading, (C) school library media instruction, (D) individualizing instruction, (E) educational measurements, (F) principles of curriculum construction, (G) the specific field and (H) extra-curricular activities (4) At least 12 semester hours of credit to be distributed among each of the areas as listed below, as appropriate to the special subject: (A) Blind: (i) A survey of eye conditions; (ii) Psychology of the blind; (iii) Methods and materials for teaching the blind; and (iv) Braille; or 2. Requirements for receiving an initial educator certificate: Has a minimum of 45 semester hours of credit in general academic courses including: (1) Six semester hours of credit in English; (2) Six semester hours of credit in social science, which shall include United States history, and may include anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology or sociology; (3) Study in at least three of the following areas, in addition to the area of major specialization: (A) English; (B) Mathematics; (C) Science; (D) Social science; (E) Foreign language; and (F) Fine arts;
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Supervised observation, participation and full-time responsible student teaching totaling at least six but not more than 12 semester hours of credit as part of the requirement
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Educators who have completed the equivalent of two school years of full-time teaching in the grade level and subject appropriate to the endorsement requested may waive the planned program requirement. However, all coursework, degree, testing and any experiential requirements must still be met. To obtain Connecticut teacher certification based on teaching experience, educators must: 1. Document no fewer than 20 school months of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the same approved nonpublic school OR an out-of-state public school under a valid certificate; 2. Pass Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) or present official evidence of meeting waiver* requirements; 3. Pass subject-specific tests, for those endorsements where a test is required*; and 4. Successfully complete all required general academic and professional education coursework for the endorsement areas sought. All coursework must result in credit awarded to official transcripts from regionally accredited colleges or universities

Vision Specialist – Partially Sighted, Pre-K – 12

Discipline Vision Specialist
License/Certificate Partially Sighted, Pre-K - 12
State Department Connecticut Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/cwp/view.asp?a=2613&Q=321230&sdePNavCtr=|#45442
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Has a minimum of 30 semester hours of credit in professional education in a planned program of study and experience appropriate to the level and special subject for which certification is sought, and which is designed to develop understanding of the special field. This shall include study in each of the following areas, and include the specific amount of credit where such is specified: (1) Foundations of education. This group includes areas such as: (A) history of education, (B) principles of education, (C) philosophy of education, (D) comparative education and (E) community sociology, community resources and social anthropology; (2) Educational psychology. This group includes areas such as: (A) psychology of learning, (B) human growth and development, (C) child-adolescent psychology and (D) mental hygiene; (3) Curriculum and methods of teaching. This group includes areas such as: (A) methods of teaching (B) the teaching of reading, (C) school library media instruction, (D) individualizing instruction, (E) educational measurements, (F) principles of curriculum construction, (G) the specific field and (H) extra-curricular activities (4) At least 12 semester hours of credit to be distributed among each of the areas as listed below, as appropriate to the special subject: (A) Partially-sighted: (i) Basic orientation in eye conditions; (ii) Effect of eye conditions on educational programs and vocational outlook; (iii) Methods of teaching the partially-sighted; and (iv) Psychology of physically handicapped children 2. Requirements for receiving an initial educator certificate: Has a minimum of 45 semester hours of credit in general academic courses including: (1) Six semester hours of credit in English; (2) Six semester hours of credit in social science, which shall include United States history, and may include anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology or sociology; (3) Study in at least three of the following areas, in addition to the area of major specialization: (A) English; (B) Mathematics; (C) Science; (D) Social science; (E) Foreign language; and (F) Fine arts
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Supervised observation, participation, and full-time responsible student teaching, totaling at least six but not more than 12 semester hours of credit as part of this requirement.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I-CBT. Essential skills requirement in reading, writing and mathematics. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-405, subsection (a)(1) of Section 10-145d-417 and 10-145d-427 any person who does not hold a valid certificate shall be required to submit official verification of one of the following: (1) Satisfactory scores on all components in one administration of the Connecticut Competency Examination for Prospective Teachers (CONNCEPT) from any administration on or prior to December 31, 1994, or, satisfactory scores on all components of the Praxis I from any administration on or after January 1, 1995; or (2) A combined score of l,000 or more on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), with no less than 400 on either the verbal or the mathematics subtest; or (3) A total score on the Prueba de Aptitude Academica (PAA) equivalent to a combined score of l,000 on the SAT, with neither the mathematics nor the verbal subtest below the equivalent of 400 points and a minimum score of 510 on the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT) or the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); or (4) A minimum score on the English and mathematics subtests of the American College Testing Program Assessment equivalent to a combined score of 1,000 on the SAT, with neither the English nor the mathematics subtest below the equivalent of 400 points. 2. Subject-area knowledge. Except as provided in Section 10-145d-610, as appropriate, any person who does not hold a valid certificate and any person wishing to receive an additional endorsement to an existing certificate, shall be required to submit official verification of a satisfactory evaluation on Praxis II, CONNECT, as appropriate.
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Educators who have completed the equivalent of two school years of full-time teaching in the grade level and subject appropriate to the endorsement requested may waive the planned program requirement. However, all coursework, degree, testing and any experiential requirements must still be met. To obtain Connecticut teacher certification based on teaching experience, educators must: 1. Document no fewer than 20 school months of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the same approved nonpublic school OR an out-of-state public school under a valid certificate; 2. Pass Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) or present official evidence of meeting waiver* requirements; 3. Pass subject-specific tests, for those endorsements where a test is required*; and 4. Successfully complete all required general academic and professional education coursework for the endorsement areas sought. All coursework must result in credit awarded to official transcripts from regionally accredited colleges or universities