Virginia State Personnel Standards

Audiologist

Discipline Audiologist
License/Certificate Audiologist
State Department Board of Audiology and Speech - Language Pathology, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/aud/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Praxis II or NTE, 600
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure in Audiology by the Board of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology

Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist

Discipline Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist
License/Certificate Special Education Hearing Impairments (PreK-12)
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Professional studies requirements for special education: 18 semester hours a. Human growth and development (birth through adolescence): 3 semester hours. b. Curriculum and instructional procedures: 3 semester hours. c. Classroom and behavior management: 3 semester hours. d. Foundations of education: 3 semester hours. e. Language acquisition and reading: 6 semester hours. 27 semester hours in education of the hearing impaired, including at least one course in foundations/legal aspects of special education, characteristics of individuals with hearing impairments, psycho-educational assessment, instructional programming, speech-language development, behavior management, audiology, speech and hearing science, and communication modalities.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. The student teaching experience should provide for the prospective teacher to be in classrooms full time for a minimum of 300 clock hours (including pre- and post-clinical experiences) with at least 150 clock hours spent supervised in direct teaching activities (providing direct instruction) in the endorsement area sought. 2. Individuals seeking an endorsement in an area of special education must complete the supervised classroom experience requirement in the area of special education for which the endorsement is sought. One year of successful full-time teaching experience in the endorsement area in a public or accredited nonpublic school may be accepted in lieu of the supervised teaching experience.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants requesting an initial teaching license or the reading specialist endorsement are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher's assessments prescribed by the Board of Education unless exempted based on three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school in a state other than Virginia and a valid out-of-state license (full credential with no deficiencies) 1. Academic Skills Assessment Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment-VCLA a. Writing Sub Test: 235 and Reading Sub Test: 235; or b. Composite Score: 470 2. Reading Assessment The Praxis Series: Reading for Virginia Educators-RVE 157
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure with endorsement in Special Education - Hearing Impairments (pre K - 12) by the Virginia Board of Education
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Alternate route in special education. The Provisional License is a three-year nonrenewable teaching license issued to an individual employed as a special education teacher in a public school or a nonpublic special education school in Virginia who does not hold the appropriate special education endorsement. To be issued the Provisional License through this alternate route, an individual must: 1. Be employed by a Virginia public or nonpublic school as a special educator and have the recommendation of the employing educational agency; 2. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university; 3. Have an assigned mentor endorsed in special education; and 4. Have a planned program of study in the assigned endorsement area, make progress toward meeting the endorsement requirements each of the three years of the license, and have completed coursework in the competencies of foundations for educating students with disabilities and an understanding and application of the legal aspects and regulatory requirements associated with identification, education, and evaluation of students with disabilities. A survey course integrating these competencies would satisfy this requirement. The Provisional License through this alternate route shall not be issued without the completion of these prerequisites.

Early Childhood Education (age 3-4)

Discipline Early Childhood Educator
License/Certificate Early Childhood Education (age 3-4)
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range PreK - 6 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Professional studies requirements for special education: 18 semester hours a. Human growth and development (birth through adolescence): 3 semester hours. b. Curriculum and instructional procedures: 3 semester hours. c. Classroom and behavior management: 3 semester hours. d. Foundations of education: 3 semester hours. e. Language acquisition and reading: 6 semester hours. 2. Completed 9 semester hours of graduate-level coursework in early childhood education.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. The student teaching experience should provide for the prospective teacher to be in classrooms full time for a minimum of 300 clock hours (including pre- and post-clinical experiences) with at least 150 clock hours spent supervised in direct teaching activities (providing direct instruction) in the endorsement area sought. 2. Completed a supervised practicum of at least 45 instructional hours in a preschool setting (three- and four-year olds) in a public school, an accredited nonpublic school, or another program approved by the Virginia Board of One year of successful full-time teaching experience in the endorsement area in a public or accredited nonpublic school may be accepted in lieu of the supervised teaching experience.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants requesting an initial teaching license or the reading specialist endorsement are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher's assessments prescribed by the Board of Education unless exempted based on three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school in a state other than Virginia and a valid out-of-state license (full credential with no deficiencies) Academic Skills Assessment Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment-VCLA a. Writing Sub Test: 235 and Reading Sub Test: 235; or b. Composite Score: 470
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary An alternative route to licensure is available through the recommendation of the individual's employing Virginia school division or nonpublic school. A three-year nonrenewable license can be issued through satisfying endorsement course work, experiential learning, or by meeting the provisional-special education requirements. Satisfying endorsement course work - an individual who is employed by a Virginia school division or nonpublic school seeking this alternative route must: hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution, satisfy one or more specific endorsement areas (teaching areas), and submit the application packet through the Virginia employing educational agency.

Early Childhood Education (PreK-6)

Discipline Early Childhood Educator
License/Certificate Early Childhood Education (PreK-6)
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 4 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Professional studies requirements for special education: 18 semester hours a. Human growth and development (birth through adolescence): 3 semester hours. b. Curriculum and instructional procedures: 3 semester hours. c. Classroom and behavior management: 3 semester hours. d. Foundations of education: 3 semester hours. e. Language acquisition and reading: 6 semester hours. 2. Fulfill the following 57 semester-hour requirements: a. English (must include composition, oral communication, and literature): 12 semester hours; b. Mathematics: 12 semester hours; c. Science (including a laboratory course): 12 semester hours in at least two science disciplines; d. History (must include American history and world history): 9 semester hours; e. Social science (must include geography and economics): 6 semester hours; and f. Arts and humanities: 6 semester hours.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. The student teaching experience should provide for the prospective teacher to be in classrooms full time for a minimum of 300 clock hours (including pre- and post-clinical experiences) with at least 150 clock hours spent supervised in direct teaching activities (providing direct instruction) in the endorsement area sought. 2. If a preK-12 endorsement is sought, teaching activities must be at the elementary and middle or secondary levels. One year of successful full-time teaching experience in the endorsement area in a public or accredited nonpublic school may be accepted in lieu of the supervised teaching experience.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants requesting an initial teaching license or the reading specialist endorsement are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher's assessments prescribed by the Board of Education unless exempted based on three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school in a state other than Virginia and a valid out-of-state license (full credential with no deficiencies) 1. Academic Skills Assessment Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment-VCLA a. Writing Sub Test: 235 and Reading Sub Test: 235; or b. Composite Score: 470 2. Content Assessment Praxis II Elementary Education: Content Knowledge 143 3. Reading Assessment The Praxis Series: Reading for Virginia Educators-RVE 157
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary An alternative route to licensure is available through the recommendation of the individual's employing Virginia school division or nonpublic school. A three-year nonrenewable license can be issued through satisfying endorsement course work, experiential learning, or by meeting the provisional-special education requirements. Satisfying endorsement course work - an individual who is employed by a Virginia school division or nonpublic school seeking this alternative route must: hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution, satisfy one or more specific endorsement areas (teaching areas), and submit the application packet through the Virginia employing educational agency.

Early Childhood Education (PreK-3)

Discipline Early Childhood Educator
License/Certificate Early/Primary Education (PreK-3)
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 3rd grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Professional studies requirements for special education: 18 semester hours a. Human growth and development (birth through adolescence): 3 semester hours. b. Curriculum and instructional procedures: 3 semester hours. c. Classroom and behavior management: 3 semester hours. d. Foundations of education: 3 semester hours. e. Language acquisition and reading: 6 semester hours. 2. Completed coursework that covers the early/primary education preK-3 competencies and fulfills the following 48 semester-hour requirements: a. English (must include composition, oral communication, and literature): 12 semester hours; b. Mathematics: 9 semester hours; c. Science (including a laboratory course): 9 semester hours (in at least two science disciplines); d. History (must include American history and world history): 6 semester hours; e. Social science (must include geography and economics): 6 semester hours; and f. Arts and humanities: 6 semester hours.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. The student teaching experience should provide for the prospective teacher to be in classrooms full time for a minimum of 300 clock hours (including pre- and post-clinical experiences) with at least 150 clock hours spent supervised in direct teaching activities (providing direct instruction) in the endorsement area sought. 2. If a preK-12 endorsement is sought, teaching activities must be at the elementary and middle or secondary levels. One year of successful full-time teaching experience in the endorsement area in a public or accredited nonpublic school may be accepted in lieu of the supervised teaching experience.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants requesting an initial teaching license or the reading specialist endorsement are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher's assessments prescribed by the Board of Education unless exempted based on three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school in a state other than Virginia and a valid out-of-state license (full credential with no deficiencies) 1. ACADEMIC SKILLS ASSESSMENT Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment-VCLA a. Writing Sub Test: 235 and Reading Sub Test: 235; or b. Composite Score: 470 2. CONTENT ASSESSMENT Praxis II Elementary Education: Content Knowledge 143 3. READING ASSESSMENT The Praxis Series: Reading for Virginia Educators-RVE 157
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure with endorsement in Early/Primary Education (PreK - 3) by the Virginia Board of Education
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary An alternative route to licensure is available through the recommendation of the individual's employing Virginia school division or nonpublic school. A three-year nonrenewable license can be issued through satisfying endorsement course work, experiential learning, or by meeting the provisional-special education requirements. Satisfying endorsement course work - an individual who is employed by a Virginia school division or nonpublic school seeking this alternative route must: hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution, satisfy one or more specific endorsement areas (teaching areas), and submit the application packet through the Virginia employing educational agency.

Early Childhood Special Educator

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Special Education Early Childhood (birth-age 5)
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - 5 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Professional studies requirements for special education: 18 semester hours a. Human growth and development (birth through adolescence): 3 semester hours. b. Curriculum and instructional procedures: 3 semester hours. c. Classroom and behavior management: 3 semester hours. d. Foundations of education: 3 semester hours. e. Language acquisition and reading: 6 semester hours. 27 semester hours in early childhood special education, including at least one course in each of the following: foundations and legal aspects of special education, assessment techniques for young children with disabling and at-risk conditions, instructional programming, speech/language development and intervention, medical aspects, behavior management, consultation, child growth and development, and family-centered intervention.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. The student teaching experience should provide for the prospective teacher to be in classrooms full time for a minimum of 300 clock hours (including pre- and post-clinical experiences) with at least 150 clock hours spent supervised in direct teaching activities (providing direct instruction) in the endorsement area sought. 2. Individuals seeking an endorsement in an area of special education must complete the supervised classroom experience requirement in the area of special education for which the endorsement is sought. One year of successful full-time teaching experience in the endorsement area in a public or accredited nonpublic school may be accepted in lieu of the supervised teaching experience.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants requesting an initial teaching license or the reading specialist endorsement are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher's assessments prescribed by the Board of Education unless exempted based on three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school in a state other than Virginia and a valid out-of-state license (full credential with no deficiencies) 1. Academic Skills Assessment Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment-VCLA a. Writing Sub Test: 235 and Reading Sub Test: 235; or b. Composite Score: 470
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure with an endorsement in Special Education - Early Childhood (birth-5) by the Virginia Board of Education
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Alternate route in special education. The Provisional License is a three-year nonrenewable teaching license issued to an individual employed as a special education teacher in a public school or a nonpublic special education school in Virginia who does not hold the appropriate special education endorsement. To be issued the Provisional License through this alternate route, an individual must: 1. Be employed by a Virginia public or nonpublic school as a special educator and have the recommendation of the employing educational agency; 2. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university; 3. Have an assigned mentor endorsed in special education; and 4. Have a planned program of study in the assigned endorsement area, make progress toward meeting the endorsement requirements each of the three years of the license, and have completed coursework in the competencies of foundations for educating students with disabilities and an understanding and application of the legal aspects and regulatory requirements associated with identification, education, and evaluation of students with disabilities. A survey course integrating these competencies would satisfy this requirement. The Provisional License through this alternate route shall not be issued without the completion of these prerequisites.

Family Therapist

Discipline Family Therapist
License/Certificate Marriage and Family Therapists
State Department Virginia Board of Counseling, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/counseling/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework The applicant shall have completed 60 semester hours or 90 quarter hours of graduate study in the following core areas with a minimum of six semester hours or nine quarter hours completed in each of core areas identified in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection, and three semester hours or 4.0 quarter hours in each of the core areas identified in subdivisions 3 through 6 of this subsection (suggested courses are listed in parentheses after each core area): 1. Marriage and family studies (marital and family development; family systems theory); 2. Marriage and family therapy (systemic therapeutic interventions and application of major theoretical approaches); 3. Human development (theories of counseling; psychotherapy techniques with individuals; human growth and lifespan development; personality theory; psychopathology; human sexuality; multicultural issues); 4. Professional studies (professional identity and function; ethical and legal issues); 5. Research (research methods; quantitative methods; statistics); 6. Assessment and treatment (appraisal, assessment and diagnostic procedures);
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Supervised internship of 600 hours to include 240 hours of direct client contact. Three hundred of the internship hours and 120 of the direct client contact hours shall be with couples and families.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Pass the National Marriage and Family Therapy Examination administered by the Professional Exam Service. Cannot find the score.
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure as Marriage and Family Therapist by the Virginia Board of Counseling

Nurse

Discipline Nurse
License/Certificate Registered Nurse
State Department Board of Nursing, the Department of Health Professions
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/nursing/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Didactic content and supervised clinical experience in nursing encompassing the attainment and maintenance of physical and mental health and the prevention of illness for individuals and groups throughout the life cycle and in a variety of clinical settings; 2. Concepts of the nursing process that include conducting a focused nursing assessment of the client status that includes decision making about who and when to inform, identifying client needs, planning for episodic nursing care, implementing appropriate aspects of client care, and contributing to data collection and the evaluation of client outcomes; 3. Concepts of anatomy, physiology, chemistry, microbiology and the behavioral sciences; 4. Concepts of communication, growth and development, interpersonal relations, and patient education, including: a. Development of professional socialization that includes working in interdisciplinary teams; and b. Conflict resolution; 5. Concepts of ethics and the vocational and legal aspects of nursing, including: a. Regulations and sections of the Code of Virginia related to nursing; b. Patient rights; c. Prevention of patient abuse, neglect and abandonment; d. Professional responsibility; and e. History and trends in nursing and health care; 6. Concepts of pharmacology, nutrition and diet therapy; 7. Concepts of client-centered care, including: a. Respect for cultural differences, values, preferences and expressed needs; b. Promotion of healthy life styles for clients and populations; c. Promotion of a safe client environment; and d. Prevention and appropriate response to situations of bioterrorism and domestic violence; and 8. Development of management and supervisory skills.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? A minimum of 500 hours of direct client care 1. Didactic content and supervised clinical experience in nursing encompassing the attainment and maintenance of physical and mental health and the prevention of illness for individuals and groups throughout the life cycle and in a variety of clinical settings. 2. Didactic content and supervised clinical experiences in conducting a comprehensive nursing assessment that includes: a. Extensive data collection, both initial and ongoing, for individuals, families, groups, and communities addressing anticipated changes in client conditions as well as emerging changes in a client's health status; b. Recognition of alterations to previous client conditions; c. Synthesizing the biological, psychological and social aspects of the client's condition; d. Evaluation of the effectiveness and impact of nursing care; e. Planning for nursing interventions and evaluating the need for different interventions for individuals, groups and communities f. Evaluation and implementation of the need to communicate and consult with other health team members; and g. Use of a broad and complete analysis to make independent decisions and nursing diagnoses; 3. Didactic content and supervised experiences in: a. Development of clinical judgment; b. Development of leadership skills and knowledge of the rules and principles for delegation of nursing tasks; c. Involvement of clients in decision making and a plan of care; d. Participation in quality improvement processes to measure client outcomes and identify hazards and errors.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The National Council Licensing Examination-Registered Nurse. Cannot find the passing score.
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure by the Virginia Board of Nursing as a registered nurse

Occupational Therapist

Discipline Occupational Therapist
License/Certificate Occupational Therapist
State Department Occupational Therapy Advisory Board, Virginia Board of Medicine
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/Medicine/advisory/ot/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Passed the certification examination for an occupational therapist and any other examination required for initial certification from the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy, 450.
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure as Occupational Therapist by the Virginia Board of Medicine

Physical Therapist

Discipline Physical Therapist
License/Certificate Physical Therapist
State Department The Virginia Board of Physical Therapy, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/PhysicalTherapy/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy PT national exam, 600.
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure as Physical Therapist by the Virginia Board of Physical Therapy

Psychologist

Discipline Psychologist
License/Certificate Clinical Psychologist
State Department Virginia Board of Psychology, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/Psychology/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Doctorate's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. The program shall encompass a minimum of three academic years of full-time graduate study or the equivalent thereof. 2. The program shall include a general core curriculum containing a minimum of three or more graduate semester hours or five or more graduate quarter hours in each of the following substantive content areas: a. Biological bases of behavior (e.g., physiological psychology, comparative psychology, neuropsychology, sensation and perception, health psychology, pharmacology, neuroanatomy). b. Cognitive-affective bases of behavior (e.g., learning theory, cognition, motivation, emotion). c. Social bases of behavior (e.g., social psychology, group processes, organizational and systems theory, community and preventive psychology, multicultural issues). d. Psychological measurement. e. Research methodology. f. Techniques of data analysis. g. Professional standards and ethics. 3. The program shall include a minimum of at least three or more graduate semester credit hours or five or more graduate quarter hours in each of the following clinical psychology content areas: a. Individual differences in behavior (e.g., personality theory, cultural difference and diversity). b. Human development (e.g., child, adolescent, geriatric psychology). c. Dysfunctional behavior, abnormal behavior or psychopathology. d. Theories and methods of intellectual assessment and diagnosis. e. Theories and methods of personality assessment and diagnosis including its practical application. f. Effective interventions and evaluating the efficacy of interventions.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. Applicants who graduated from programs which meet the criteria set forth under subsection A or B of this section shall submit documentation of having successfully completed practicum experiences in assessment and diagnosis, psychotherapy, consultation and supervision. The practicum shall include a minimum of nine graduate semester hours or 15 or more graduate quarter hours or equivalent in appropriate settings to ensure a wide range of supervised training and educational experiences. 2. An applicant for a clinical license may fulfill the residency requirement of 1,500 hours, or some part thereof, as required for licensure in 18VAC125-20-65 B, in the pre-doctoral practicum supervised experience that meets the following standards. 3. Candidates for clinical psychologist licensure shall have successfully completed an internship that is either accredited by APA, APPIC or the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology, or one that meets equivalent standards.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Pass National examination: the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP), 140
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure as Clinical Psychologist by Virginia Board of Psychology

School Psychologist

Discipline School Psychologist
License/Certificate School Psychologist
State Department Virginia Board of Psychology, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/Psychology/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. The program shall encompass a minimum of two academic years of full-time graduate study or the equivalent thereof. 2. The program shall include a general core curriculum containing a minimum of three or more graduate semester hours or five or more graduate quarter hours in each of the following substantive content areas. a. Psychological foundations (e.g., biological bases of behavior, human learning, social and cultural bases of behavior, child and adolescent development, individual differences). b. Educational foundations (e.g., instructional design, organization and operation of schools). c. Interventions/problem-solving (e.g., assessment, direct interventions, both individual and group, indirect interventions). d. Statistics and research methodologies (e.g., research and evaluation methods, statistics, measurement). e. Professional school psychology (e.g., history and foundations of school psychology, legal and ethical issues, professional issues and standards, alternative models for the delivery of school psychological services, emergent technologies, roles and functions of the school psychologist)
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? The program shall be committed to practicum experiences which shall include: a. Orientation to the educational process; b. Assessment for intervention; c. Direct intervention, including counseling and behavior management; and d. Indirect intervention, including consultation. Candidates for school psychologist licensure shall have successfully completed an internship accredited by the APA, APPIC or NASP or one that meets equivalent standards.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Pass National examination: the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP), 140

School Psychologist-Limited

Discipline School Psychologist
License/Certificate School Psychologist-Limited
State Department Virginia Department of Education/Virginia Board of Psychology, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Not specified
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Sixty graduate hours that culminate in at least a master's degree
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? An internship that is documented by the degree granting institution. No more than 12 hours of internship can be counted toward the 60 graduate semester hours required for licensure. The internship experience shall occur on a full-time basis over a period of one year or on a half-time basis over a period of two consecutive years. The internship shall occur under conditions of appropriate supervision, i.e., school-based supervisor shall hold a valid credential as a school psychologist and non-school based supervisor shall be an appropriately credentialed psychologist. The internship shall include experiences at multiple age levels, at least one half of which shall be in an accredited schooling setting.
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure with endorsement in School Psychology by the Virginia Board of Education

Social Worker – Licensed Clinical

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate Licensed Clinical Social Worker
State Department Virginia Board of Social Work, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/social/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework The minimum course requirements for a clinical course of study shall include graduate level courses consisting of: 1. Twelve credit hours of explanatory theory; 2. Twelve credit hours of practice theory; 3. Three credit hours of psychopathology including assessment, diagnosis, and treatment; 4. Three credit hours of social work practice research; and 5. Coursework in diversity issues, social justice, culture, and at-risk populations.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? The requirement for a supervised field placement/practicum in clinical social work services shall be a minimum of 600 hours, which shall be integrated with clinical course of study coursework and supervised by a person who is a licensed clinical social worker or who holds a master's or doctor's degree in social work and has a minimum of three years of experience in clinical social work services after earning the graduate degree.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Pass the national exam given by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB), but the state did not specify which level (may be at the clinical level).
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure as Licensed Clinical Social Worker by the Virginia Board of Social Work

Social Worker – Licensed

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate Licensed Social Worker
State Department Virginia Board of Social Work, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/social/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? All candidates must pass the Bachelors level of the national examination (ASWB). The Bachelors level examination is given to both Bachelors and Masters degree applicants. All ASWB examination scores are reported as pass/fail, with the number of questions needed to pass the examination, and because test questions change from one administration to the next, statistical adjustments must be made to account for small differences in the overall difficulty of individual examinations.
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure as Licensed Social Worker by the Virginia Board of Social Work

Social Worker – School

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate School social worker
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Not specified
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework An earned master's of social work from a regionally accredited college or university school of social work with a minimum of 60 graduate semester hours.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. Completed a supervised practicum or field experience of a minimum of 400 clock hours in a public or accredited nonpublic school discharging the duties of a school social worker. OR 2. One year of successful full-time supervised experience as a school social worker in a public or accredited nonpublic school.
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure with endorsement as a school social worker by the Virginia Board of Education.

Speech Language Pathologist

Discipline Speech Language Pathologist
License/Certificate Speech Pathologist
State Department Board of Audiology and Speech - Language Pathology, Virginia Department of Health Profession
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dhp.virginia.gov/aud/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Praxis II or NTE, 600
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure in Speech-Language Pathology by the Virginia Board of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
Additional requirements specific for schools? Full speech-language pathology license issued by BASLP will allow the SLP to work at school, but need to apply for the endorsement.

Special Education Speech-Language Pathologist (preK-12)

Discipline Speech Language Pathologist
License/Certificate Special Education Speech-Language Pathologist (preK-12)
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Not specified
Degree Level Requirement Master's

Speech Language Pathologist Communication

Discipline Speech Language Pathologist
License/Certificate Speech communication
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Endorsement
Age Range Not specified
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework A minimum of 15 semester hours in speech communication
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants requesting an initial teaching license or the reading specialist endorsement are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher's assessments prescribed by the Board of Education unless exempted based on three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school in a state other than Virginia and a valid out-of-state license (full credential with no deficiencies) 1. Academic Skills Assessment Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment-VCLA a. Writing Sub Test: 235 and Reading Sub Test: 235; or b. Composite Score: 470

Vision Specialist

Discipline Vision Specialist
License/Certificate Special Education Visual Impairments (PreK-12)
State Department Virginia Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.doe.virginia.gov/teaching/licensure/index.shtml
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 1. Professional studies requirements for special education: 18 semester hours a. Human growth and development (birth through adolescence): 3 semester hours. b. Curriculum and instructional procedures: 3 semester hours. c. Classroom and behavior management: 3 semester hours. d. Foundations of education: 3 semester hours. e. Language acquisition and reading: 6 semester hours. 27 semester hours in education of students with visual impairments, including at least one course in foundations/legal aspects of special education; characteristics of persons with visual impairments; psycho-educational assessment and assessment for visual impairment; language/literacy skill development; Braille reading and writing; behavior management; transition; consultation; anatomy, physiology, and diseases of the eye; and instructional programming and methods
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1. The student teaching experience should provide for the prospective teacher to be in classrooms full time for a minimum of 300 clock hours (including pre- and post-clinical experiences) with at least 150 clock hours spent supervised in direct teaching activities (providing direct instruction) in the endorsement area sought. 2. Individuals seeking an endorsement in an area of special education must complete the supervised classroom experience requirement in the area of special education for which the endorsement is sought. One year of successful full-time teaching experience in the endorsement area in a public or accredited nonpublic school may be accepted in lieu of the supervised teaching experience.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants requesting an initial teaching license or the reading specialist endorsement are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher's assessments prescribed by the Board of Education unless exempted based on three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school in a state other than Virginia and a valid out-of-state license (full credential with no deficiencies) 1. ACADEMIC SKILLS ASSESSMENT Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment-VCLA a. Writing Sub Test: 235 and Reading Sub Test: 235; or b. Composite Score: 470 2. CONTENT ASSESSMENT Praxis II Braille Proficiency 168 3. READING ASSESSMENT The Praxis Series: Reading for Virginia Educators-RVE 157
Additional requirements specific to Part C? Practitioners who wish to become certified practitioners in Virginia's early intervention system are required to Complete the four required training modules plus any additional required modules based on role, plus the licensure with endorsement in Special Education - Visual Impairments (pre K - 12) by the Virginia Board of Education
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary Alternate route in special education. The Provisional License is a three-year nonrenewable teaching license issued to an individual employed as a special education teacher in a public school or a nonpublic special education school in Virginia who does not hold the appropriate special education endorsement. To be issued the Provisional License through this alternate route, an individual must: 1. Be employed by a Virginia public or nonpublic school as a special educator and have the recommendation of the employing educational agency; 2. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university; 3. Have an assigned mentor endorsed in special education; and 4. Have a planned program of study in the assigned endorsement area, make progress toward meeting the endorsement requirements each of the three years of the license, and have completed coursework in the competencies of foundations for educating students with disabilities and an understanding and application of the legal aspects and regulatory requirements associated with identification, education, and evaluation of students with disabilities. A survey course integrating these competencies would satisfy this requirement. The Provisional License through this alternate route shall not be issued without the completion of these prerequisites.