Pennsylvania State Personnel Standards

Audiologist

Discipline Audiologist
License/Certificate Audiologist
State Department State Board of Examiners inSpeech-Language and Hearing
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/Speech-Language%20Pathology%20and%20Audiology/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/049/chapter45/subchapBtoc.html Completion of a program of study comprised of 39 graduate semester hours distributed as follows: 6 hours in normal processes of speech, language and hearing; 12 hours in pathologies of the auditory system and assessment of auditory disorders; 8 hours in habilitation and rehabilitation procedures for problems associated with hearing-impairment; 3 hours in conservation of hearing; 3 hours in speech-language pathology disorders; and 3 hours in case management; 4 hours allocated among the areas listed in this paragraph or earned in other course work related to audiology.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? a. (1) An applicant for licensure shall complete a practicum in the approximate specialty consisting of a minimum of 375 hours. (2) Two hundred fifty clock hours of the practicum shall be obtained at the graduate level in the area in which licensing is sought. (3) Practicum experience shall include a minimum of 50 clock hours in each of at least two distinctly different environments where different professional experience would be obtained. (4) Two hundred fifty clock hours of the practicum shall be supervised by a person who is a qualified training supervisor in the student's area of specialization. (5) The following activities shall be directly supervised: (i) At least 50% of all diagnostic evaluations (screening services in speech-language and hearing are considered diagnostic evaluations). (ii) At least 25% of all treatment, instruction, conferencing and counselling. b. (1) Prior to beginning the practicum, the applicant shall complete 25 clock hours of observation in the applicant's specialty area. Observation through the use of videotapes is acceptable. These hours of observation may be counted toward the total required clock hours needed to complete the practicum. (2) Forty clock hours in evaluation of hearing in children. (3) Forty clock hours in evaluation of hearing in adults. (4) Forty clock hours in the selection and use of amplification and assistive devices for children. (5) Forty clock hours in the selection and use of amplification and assistive devices for adults. (6) Twenty clock hours in the treatment of hearing disorders in children and adults. Treatment refers to clinical management and counseling, including auditory training, speech reading and speech and language services for the hearing-impaired. (7) Thirty-five clock hours in speech-language pathology unrelated to hearing impairment, including 15 clock hours in evaluation and screening and 15 clock hours in treatment.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? National Teachers Examination (NTE) in appointed specialty Audiology, 600 or 170

Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist

Discipline Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist
License/Certificate Teacher of the Hearing Impaired
State Department State Board of Examiners inSpeech-Language and Hearing
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/Speech-Language%20Pathology%20and%20Audiology/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Completion of a program of study comprised of 39 graduate semester hours distributed as follows: 12 hours in curriculum and instruction, 12 hours in language and communication, 3 hours in foundations and 3 hours in speech science and audiology; 9 hours allocated among the areas listed in this paragraph or earned in other course work related to teaching of the hearing-impaired.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? a. (1) An applicant for licensure shall complete a practicum in the approximate specialty consisting of a minimum of 375 hours. (2) Two hundred fifty clock hours of the practicum shall be obtained at the graduate level in the area in which licensing is sought. (3) Practicum experience shall include a minimum of 50 clock hours in each of at least two distinctly different environments where different professional experience would be obtained. (4) Two hundred fifty clock hours of the practicum shall be supervised by a person who is a qualified training supervisor in the student's area of specialization. (5) The following activities shall be directly supervised: (i) At least 50% of all diagnostic evaluations (screening services in speech-language and hearing are considered diagnostic evaluations). (ii) At least 25% of all treatment, instruction, conferencing and counselling. b. (1) Prior to the beginning of the practicum, the applicant shall complete 125 hours of directed observation and participation with individuals of various age levels, including at least one exposure to individuals 16 years of age or older. One hundred twenty-five hours of observation and participation may be credited toward the 375 hours of practicum. (2) Two hundred fifty hours in teaching of the hearing-impaired comprised of experience in individual and group evaluation and instruction, providing evaluation and instruction in curriculum-based material and communication skills appropriate for individuals whose cognitive and educational development have been affected primarily by impaired hearing sensitivity, participation in evaluation and assessment teams and family conferencing or counselling.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Teacher of the Hearing Impaired Exam: Praxis II Test (0271) from the Pennsylvania Department of Education
Additional requirements specific for schools? Age range: PreK-12. Degree level: Bachelors or masters. Need to pass PAPA*: Reading, Writing, Mathematics (each module need to achieve the score of 220).
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary The Pennsylvania Teacher Intern Certification Program is specifically designed for individuals who possess a minimum of a baccalaureate degree. Currently, the program is offered in 37 approved colleges and universities in Pennsylvania.

Early Childhood Educator

Discipline Early Childhood Educator
License/Certificate Regular Early Childhood Education (Pre-K - 4)
State Department Pennsylvania Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.education.pa.gov/Teachers%20%E2%80%93%20Administrators/Certifications/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range PreK - 4 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Pre K-4 Professional Core & Program Areas/course credit recommendations Development, Cognition, and Learning Cognition and learning applied in the classroom* /3 Child development typical and atypical: birth through age 5 /3 The developing child, the primary years: K-4th grade /3 Subject Matter Content and Pedagogy Language Development in Early Childhood /3 Language development, academic success and learning to read* /3 Math foundations for the preschool years /3 Early literacy foundations for the preschool years (Pre K-1) /3 Literacy foundations for the primary grades (2-4) /3 Differentiated reading instruction for the primary grades: focus on interventions* /3 Math foundations for the primary grades /3 Social Studies methods /3 Science methods /3 Integrating the Arts for the developing child, Pre K- 4 Methods /3 Engaging Young Children in the Learning Process: Integrating Curriculum and Instruction /3 Assessment Assessment Methods I Observation and Informal* /3 Assessment Methods II Summative, Formative, Diagnostic, Benchmark* /3 Family and Community Collaboration Partnerships Family and Community Relationships /3 Family collaboration and diversity /3 Professionalism Evidenced based practices in early childhood care and education /3 Advocacy, Collaboration and Cooperative Learning, Issues and Trends /3 Minimum Recommended Core Course Credits /60 General Education Recommendations /48 Minimum of Student Teaching - 12 weeks /TBD by Institution Total Minimum Recommended Credits /120 Accommodations & Adaptations for Diverse Learners (TBD by institution as credits, hours, or combination) 9 credits/270 hours & 3 credits/90 hours
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Each candidate must participate in a minimum of 190 hours of field experiences prior to student teaching, including one Pre K placement (includes birth through Pre K), one K-1 placement, and one placement in grades 2-4. At least one placement during student teaching must include students in inclusive settings. A minimum of 12 weeks full-time student teaching is required in ยง354.25(f).
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Initial Pennsylvania certification for Grades PreK-4, Special Education PreK-8 or Special Education 7-12: PAPA*: Reading, Writing, Mathematics PECT test(s) for the certificate(s) (multiple modules) Performance criterion (cutscore): 220 per module
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary The Pennsylvania Teacher Intern Certification Program is specifically designed for individuals who possess a minimum of a baccalaureate degree. Currently, the program is offered in 37 approved colleges and universities in Pennsylvania.

Early Childhood Special Educator Early interventionist

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Early interventionist
State Department Office of Child Development and Early Learning, Pennsylvania Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.education.pa.gov/Early%20Learning/Early%20Intervention/Pages/Resources-for-Professionals.aspx#.VqegJfkrJhF
Type of License/Certificate Unspecified
Age Range Birth - 5 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework 15 credit hours in early intervention, early childhood special education, early childhood education, child development, special education or family studies.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? 1 year of full-time or full-time-equivalent experience working directly with preschool children with disabilities and their families or a university-supervised or college-supervised student practicum or teaching experience with preschool children with disabilities and their families.

Early Childhood Special Education (PreK-8)

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Special Education (PreK-8)
State Department Pennsylvania Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.education.pa.gov/Teachers%20%E2%80%93%20Administrators/Certifications/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range PreK - 8 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Pre K-4 Professional Core & Program Areas/course credit recommendations (4-8 is not listed here as the age does not apply to the age group we are targeting) Development, Cognition, and Learning Child development, typical and atypical: birth through age 5/3 The developing child - the primary years: K-4th grade/3 Subject Matter Content and Pedagogy Language Development in Early Childhood/3 Math foundations for the preschool years/3 Early literacy foundations for the preschool years (Pre K-1)/3 Literacy foundations for the primary grades (2-4)/3 Math foundations for the primary grades/3 Social Studies methods/3 Science methods/3 Integrating the Arts for the developing child, Pre K - 4 Methods/3 Engaging Young Children in the Learning Process: Integrating Curriculum and Instruction/3 Family and Community Collaboration Partnerships Family and Community Relationships/3 Family collaboration and diversity/3 Professionalism Evidenced based practices in early childhood care and education/3 Advocacy, Collaboration and Cooperative Learning, Issues and Trends/3 Core Course Credits 45 General Education Course Credits 48 Special Education Domain* (Table 3) 30 Total Credits (12 credits TBD by institution) 135 (123+12) Student teaching (minimum of 12 weeks) TBD by institution Accommodations & Adaptations for Diverse Learners *Competencies for the 9 credits for accommodating students with disabilities are within the competencies for the Special Ed. domain. A course on ELL competencies may have to be added. (TBD by institution as credits, hours, or combination) 3 Credits/90 hours
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Each candidate must participate in a minimum of 190 hours of field experiences prior to student teaching. Student teaching is 12 weeks minimum. A minimum of six weeks of the student teaching experience shall be under the supervision of a certified Special Education teacher. * At least one experience during field experience 3 or student teaching must include students with special needs in inclusive settings. An inclusive setting is defined as an educational setting which includes children with and without special needs. An inclusive setting includes at least one child with an IFSP/IEP.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Initial Pennsylvania certification for Grades PreK-4, Special Education PreK-8 or Special Education 7-12: PAPA*: Reading, Writing, Mathematics PECT test(s) for the certificate(s) (multiple modules) Performance criterion (cutscore): 220 per module
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary The Pennsylvania Teacher Intern Certification Program is specifically designed for individuals who possess a minimum of a baccalaureate degree. Currently, the program is offered in 37 approved colleges and universities in Pennsylvania.

Family Therapist

Discipline Family Therapist
License/Certificate Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist
State Department State Board of Social Workers, Marriage and Family Therapists and Professional Counselors
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/SocialWorkersMarriageanFamilyTherapistsandProfessionalCounselors/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Has successfully completed a planned program of 60 semester hours or 90 quarter hours of graduate coursework which is closely related to marriage and family therapy, including a 48-semester-hour or 72-quarter-hour master's degree in marriage and family therapy from an accredited educational institution or a 48-semester-hour or 72-quarter-hour master's degree in a field determined by the board by regulation to be closely related to the practice of marriage and family therapy from an accredited educational institution, with graduate level coursework in marriage and family therapy acceptable to the board from an accredited educational institution or from a program recognized by a national accrediting agency.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? (i) An individual meeting the educational requirements of masters degree must have completed at least 3,000 hours of supervised clinical experience, acceptable to the board as determined by regulation, obtained after the completion of 48 semester hours or 72 quarter hours of graduate coursework. (ii) An individual meeting the educational requirements of doctorate must have completed at least 2,400 hours of supervised clinical experience, acceptable to the board as determined by regulation, 1,200 hours of which was obtained subsequent to the granting of the doctoral degree. *At least one-half of the experience shall consist of providing services in one or more of the following areas: (i) Assessment. (ii) Couples therapy. (iii) Family therapy. (iv) Other systems interventions. (v) Consultation. (vi) Individual therapy. (vii) Group therapy.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The Association of Marriage and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards (AMFTRB) National MFT Examination, Cannot find passing score

Nurse

Discipline Nurse
License/Certificate Registered nurse
State Department State Board of Nursing
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/Nursing/Pages/default.aspx#.Vqd7h_krJhE
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/049/chapter21/s21.81.html 1. Physical and biological sciences shall include content from the areas of anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, physics and nutrition, which may be integrated, combined or presented as separate courses; the scientific facts and principles drawn from these areas serve as a basis for planning and implementing nursing care. When the basic sciences are presented as distinct academic courses - that is, chemistry, anatomy and physiology and microbiology - there shall be a related laboratory experience. A related laboratory experience is defined as an assigned period of time during which students participate in the testing of scientific principles. 2. Selected courses shall be included in the humanities and social and behavioral sciences that support the philosophy, purposes, educational concepts and terminal objectives of the program. 3. The curriculum shall provide concurrent theory and clinical experience in the care of men, women and children in age groups and with the health problems characteristic of each group. Experiences shall be provided which include preventive aspects of nursing care during acute and chronic illness and rehabilitative care. Opportunities shall be provided for the student to participate in case findings, health teaching and health counseling for patients and their families. Evening and night assignments are considered part of the curriculum only in terms of the objectives to be achieved and if faculty supervision is provided. 4. Content related to history, trends and professional responsibilities of nursing may be integrated, combined or taught as separate courses.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN)

Occupational Therapist

Discipline Nurse
License/Certificate Registered nurse
State Department State Board of Nursing
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/Nursing/Pages/default.aspx#.Vqd7h_krJhE
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/049/chapter21/s21.81.html 1. Physical and biological sciences shall include content from the areas of anatomy and physiology, chemistry, microbiology, physics and nutrition, which may be integrated, combined or presented as separate courses; the scientific facts and principles drawn from these areas serve as a basis for planning and implementing nursing care. When the basic sciences are presented as distinct academic courses - that is, chemistry, anatomy and physiology and microbiology - there shall be a related laboratory experience. A related laboratory experience is defined as an assigned period of time during which students participate in the testing of scientific principles. 2. Selected courses shall be included in the humanities and social and behavioral sciences that support the philosophy, purposes, educational concepts and terminal objectives of the program. 3. The curriculum shall provide concurrent theory and clinical experience in the care of men, women and children in age groups and with the health problems characteristic of each group. Experiences shall be provided which include preventive aspects of nursing care during acute and chronic illness and rehabilitative care. Opportunities shall be provided for the student to participate in case findings, health teaching and health counseling for patients and their families. Evening and night assignments are considered part of the curriculum only in terms of the objectives to be achieved and if faculty supervision is provided. 4. Content related to history, trends and professional responsibilities of nursing may be integrated, combined or taught as separate courses.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN)

Physical Therapist

Discipline Physical Therapist
License/Certificate Physical therapist
State Department State Board of Physical Therapy
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/PhysicalTherapy/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? National Physical Therapy Examination (PT & PTA) by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSBPT), 600

Psychologist

Discipline Psychologist
License/Certificate Psychologist
State Department State Board of Psychology
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/Psychology/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Doctorate's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicants shall obtain a passing score on the Examination for Professional Practice In Psychology and the Pennsylvania Psychology Law Examination. 70% or 500.

School Psychologist

Discipline School Psychologist
License/Certificate Specialist-School Psychologist
State Department Pennsylvania Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.education.pa.gov/Teachers%20%E2%80%93%20Administrators/Certifications/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Kindergarten - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's

Social Worker – Clinical

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate Clinical Social Worker
State Department State Board of Social Workers, Marriage and Family Therapists and Professional Counselors
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/SocialWorkersMarriageanFamilyTherapistsandProfessionalCounselors/Pages/default.aspx#.Vqd7AvkrJhE
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Passed the Clinical Examination of the Association of Social Work Boards. All ASWB examination scores are reported as pass/fail, with the number of questions needed to pass the examination, and because test questions change from one administration to the next, statistical adjustments must be made to account for small differences in the overall difficulty of individual examinations.

Social Worker

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate Social Worker
State Department State Board of Social Workers, Marriage and Family Therapists and Professional Counselors
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/SocialWorkersMarriageanFamilyTherapistsandProfessionalCounselors/Pages/default.aspx#.Vqd7AvkrJhE
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Applicant must pass the Master Examination (formerly the Intermediate Examination) of the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB). All ASWB examination scores are reported as pass/fail, with the number of questions needed to pass the examination, and because test questions change from one administration to the next, statistical adjustments must be made to account for small differences in the overall difficulty of individual examinations.

Speech Language Pathologist – Special Education-Speech/Language Impaired

Discipline Speech Language Pathologist
License/Certificate Special Education-Speech/Language Impaired
State Department Pennsylvania Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.education.pa.gov/Teachers%20%E2%80%93%20Administrators/Certifications/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Initial Pennsylvania certification for all K-12 areas: Agriculture, Art, Business/Computer/Information Technology, Environmental Education, Family and Consumer Science, Health, Health and Physical Education, Library Science, Marketing Education, Music, Reading Specialist, Hearing Impaired, Speech & Language Impaired, Visually Impaired, Technology Education, and World Languages: PAPA*: Reading, Writing, Mathematics (Performance criterion cutscore: 220 per module) Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge Appropriate content area test (Praxis II)-Special Education: Teaching Students with Visual Impairments (5282 or 0282) 163
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary The Pennsylvania Teacher Intern Certification Program is specifically designed for individuals who possess a minimum of a baccalaureate degree. Currently, the program is offered in 37 approved colleges and universities in Pennsylvania.

Speech Language Pathologist

Discipline Speech Language Pathologist
License/Certificate Speech-Language Pathologist
State Department State Board of Examiners in Speech-Language and Hearing
State Department Hyperlink http://www.dos.pa.gov/ProfessionalLicensing/BoardsCommissions/Speech-Language%20Pathology%20and%20Audiology/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/049/chapter45/subchapBtoc.html Completion of a program of study compromised of 39 graduate semester hours distributed as follows: 6 hours in normal processes of speech, language and hearing; 20 hours in the nature of speech-language disorders, evaluation and treatment; 3 hours in case management; 3 hours in audiology; and 3 hours in habilitation and rehabilitation of speech-language problems associated with hearing-impairment; 4 hours allocated among the areas listed in this paragraph or earned in other course work related to speech-language pathology.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? a. (1) An applicant for licensure shall complete a practicum in the approximate specialty consisting of a minimum of 375 hours. (2) Two hundred fifty clock hours of the practicum shall be obtained at the graduate level in the area in which licensing is sought. (3) Practicum experience shall include a minimum of 50 clock hours in each of at least two distinctly different environments where different professional experience would be obtained. (4) Two hundred fifty clock hours of the practicum shall be supervised by a person who is a qualified training supervisor in the student's area of specialization. (5) The following activities shall be directly supervised: (i) At least 50% of all diagnostic evaluations (screening services in speech-language and hearing are considered diagnostic evaluations). (ii) At least 25% of all treatment, instruction, conferencing and counselling. b. Practicum in speech-language pathology shall include the following: (1) Prior to beginning the practicum, the applicant shall complete 25 clock hours of observation in the applicant's specialty area. Observation through use of videotapes is acceptable. These hours of observation may be counted toward the total required clock hours needed to complete the practicum. (2) Twenty clock hours in evaluation of children with speech disorders, including disorders of articulation, voice and fluency. (3) Twenty clock hours in evaluation of adults with speech disorders, including disorders of articulation, voice and fluency. (4) Twenty clock hours in evaluation of children with language disorder. (5) Twenty clock hours in evaluation of adults with language disorders. (6) Twenty clock hours in treatment of children with speech disorders, including disorders of articulation, voice and fluency. (7) Twenty clock hours in treatment of adults with speech disorders, including disorders of articulation, voice and fluency. (8) Twenty clock hours in treatment of children with language disorders. (9) Twenty clock hours in treatment of adults with language disorders. (10) Thirty-five clock hours in audiology, including 15 clock hours in evaluation and screening and 15 clock hours in habilitation and rehabilitation.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? National Teachers Examination (NTE) in appointed specialty Speech Language Pathology, 600 or 170.

Vision Specialist

Discipline Vision Specialist
License/Certificate Special Education-Visually Impaired
State Department Pennsylvania Department of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://www.education.pa.gov/Teachers%20%E2%80%93%20Administrators/Certifications/
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Initial Pennsylvania certification for all K-12 areas: Agriculture, Art, Business/Computer/Information Technology, Environmental Education, Family and Consumer Science, Health, Health and Physical Education, Library Science, Marketing Education, Music, Reading Specialist, Hearing Impaired, Speech & Language Impaired, Visually Impaired, Technology Education, and World Languages: PAPA*: Reading, Writing, Mathematics (Performance criterion cutscore: 220 per module) Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge Appropriate content area test (Praxis II)-Special Education: Teaching Students with Visual Impairments (5282 or 0282) 163
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary The Pennsylvania Teacher Intern Certification Program is specifically designed for individuals who possess a minimum of a baccalaureate degree. Currently, the program is offered in 37 approved colleges and universities in Pennsylvania.