Vermont State Personnel Standards

Audiologist

Discipline Audiologist
License/Certificate Audiologist
State Department Vermont Department of Education, Office of Licensing and Professional Standards
State Department Hyperlink http://education.vermont.gov/licensing
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Passing scores on the Praxis II examination or other examination in audiology, a score of at least 600.

Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist

Discipline Deaf and Hard of Hearing Specialist
License/Certificate Teacher of deaf and hearing impairments
State Department Office of Educator Licensing, Vermont Agency of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://education.vermont.gov/licensing
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 21 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Evidence of at least twelve (12) consecutive weeks of student teaching, or an equivalent learning experience as determined by Standards Board policy or by the requirements of the endorsement.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 2. All applicants for initial or additional endorsements in Early Childhood Education, Special Education, and any other endorsement areas identified thereafter by the Standards Board, shall be required to meet the passing score established by the Standards Board on the Praxis II examination or other examination selected by the Standards Board in the endorsement area sought. (Cannot find information regarding Praxis II passing score for early childhood special educator)
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary 1. Alternative Route to Licensure: Peer Review Peer Review is for those who have a baccalaureate degree, but have not completed a traditional educator preparation program at a college or university. It is for individuals who have acquired the knowledge and skills needed to meet the 16 Principles for Vermont Educators and the endorsement competencies and requirements through coursework and life experience. 2. Other Approved Alternate Routes. An individual who holds at least a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited or state-approved institution and who has successfully completed a major, or its equivalent, in the liberal arts and sciences, or in the content area of the endorsement sought, may be licensed by completing an alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board. For endorsement areas requiring an advanced degree, the individual must hold the specified advanced degree in order to be deemed eligible to proceed with any other alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board.

Early Childhood Educator

Discipline Early Childhood Educator
License/Certificate Early Childhood Education (36)
State Department Office of Educator Licensing, Vermont Agency of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://education.vermont.gov/licensing
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - 6 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Evidence of at least twelve (12) consecutive weeks of student teaching, or an equivalent learning experience as determined by Standards Board policy or by the requirements of the endorsement.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 2. All applicants for initial or additional endorsements in Early Childhood Education, Special Education, and any other endorsement areas identified thereafter by the Standards Board, shall be required to meet the passing score established by the Standards Board on the Praxis II examination or other examination selected by the Standards Board in the endorsement area sought. (Cannot find information regarding Praxis II passing score for early childhood special educator)
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary 1. Alternative Route to Licensure: Peer Review Peer Review is for those who have a baccalaureate degree, but have not completed a traditional educator preparation program at a college or university. It is for individuals who have acquired the knowledge and skills needed to meet the 16 Principles for Vermont Educators and the endorsement competencies and requirements through coursework and life experience. 2. Other Approved Alternate Routes. An individual who holds at least a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited or state-approved institution and who has successfully completed a major, or its equivalent, in the liberal arts and sciences, or in the content area of the endorsement sought, may be licensed by completing an alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board. For endorsement areas requiring an advanced degree, the individual must hold the specified advanced degree in order to be deemed eligible to proceed with any other alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board.

Early Childhood Special Educator

Discipline Early Childhood Special Educator
License/Certificate Early Childhood Special Educator (80)
State Department Office of Educator Licensing, Vermont Agency of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://education.vermont.gov/licensing
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - 6 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Evidence of at least twelve (12) consecutive weeks of student teaching, or an equivalent learning experience as determined by Standards Board policy or by the requirements of the endorsement.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 2. All applicants for initial or additional endorsements in Early Childhood Education, Special Education, and any other endorsement areas identified thereafter by the Standards Board, shall be required to meet the passing score established by the Standards Board on the Praxis II examination or other examination selected by the Standards Board in the endorsement area sought. (Cannot find information regarding Praxis II passing score for early childhood special educator)
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary 1. Alternative Route to Licensure: Peer Review Peer Review is for those who have a baccalaureate degree, but have not completed a traditional educator preparation program at a college or university. It is for individuals who have acquired the knowledge and skills needed to meet the 16 Principles for Vermont Educators and the endorsement competencies and requirements through coursework and life experience. 2. Other Approved Alternate Routes. An individual who holds at least a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited or state-approved institution and who has successfully completed a major, or its equivalent, in the liberal arts and sciences, or in the content area of the endorsement sought, may be licensed by completing an alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board. For endorsement areas requiring an advanced degree, the individual must hold the specified advanced degree in order to be deemed eligible to proceed with any other alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board.

Family Therapist

Discipline Family Therapist
License/Certificate Marriage and Family Therapist
State Department Board of Allied Mental Health, Office of Professional Regulation
State Department Hyperlink https://www.sec.state.vt.us/professional-regulation/profession/allied-mental-health.aspx
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Degrees from programs and institutions which do not have COAMFTE approval must contain within the required 36 graduate credits a minimum of 18 graduate credits of course work clearly identified as being from a marriage, couple, or family therapy/systems/relational perspective. *Curriculum Required for Licensure All applicants from non-COAMFTE programs must, in addition to one 3 credit course in diagnosis and treatment, successfully complete the following courses and areas of study before the Board will issue a license: (a) six graduate credits in course work from a marriage and family therapy/systems perspective; (b) 3 graduate credits in marriage and family therapy skills; (c) 3 graduate credits in a marriage and family therapy treatment modality; (d) 3 graduate credits in human growth and development; (e) 3 graduate credits in diversity/social and cultural foundations; (f) 3 graduate credits in research; (g) 3 graduate credits in professional ethics; (h) a total of 6 credits in any of the following: (1) Human sexuality; (2) Psychopharmacology; (3) Domestic violence; (4) Sexual abuse; (5) Gender and sexuality; (6) Groups; (7) Crisis intervention; (8) Addictions/chemical dependency; (9) Appraisal and assessment.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Supervised internship: A 500 hour supervised internship or field experience is required for licensure. A supervised internship or field experience requires a student to work in a marriage and family therapy focused setting. The internship provides an opportunity for the student to perform the activities that a regularly employed marriage and family therapist would be expected to perform.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? (a) A written examination shall be conducted under this chapter at least twice a year except that an examination need not be conducted when no one has applied to be examined. (b) An examination administered and the procedures of administration shall be fair and reasonable and shall be designed and implemented to ensure that all applicants are granted licensure if they demonstrate that they possess the minimal occupational qualifications which are necessary for the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare. The examination shall not be designed or implemented for the purpose of limiting the number of licensed marriage and family therapists. The board shall establish criteria for passing the examination that shall apply to all persons taking the examination. (c) The board shall administer a written examination based on the applicant's marriage and family therapy educational and clinical background. (d) The board may authorize the use of established marriage and family therapy tests as utilized by the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. Cannot find the passing score.

Nurse

Discipline Nurse
License/Certificate Registered Nurse
State Department Vermont State Board of Nursing, Office of Professional Regulation
State Department Hyperlink https://www.sec.state.vt.us/professional-regulation/profession/nursing.aspx
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Associate's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework Registered Nursing Programs, Approval Criteria To be approved, a registered nursing program shall provide the minimum content area hours: (A) Adult Nursing 75 hours theory, 200 hours clinical; (B) Maternal/Infant Nursing 30 hours theory, 40 hours clinical; (C) Pediatric Nursing 30 hours theory, 40 hours clinical; (D) Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing, 30 hours theory, 40 hours clinical; (E) Anatomy and Physiology, 80 hours; (F) Microbiology, 40 hours; (G) Humanities, 40 hours; and (H) Social/Behavioral Science, 40 hours.
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? (A) Adult Nursing, 200 hours clinical; (B) Maternal/Infant Nursing, 40 hours clinical; (C) Pediatric Nursing, 40 hours clinical; (D) Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing, 40 hours clinical;
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The State Board Test Pool Exam (SBTPE) or the National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse.
Additional requirements specific for schools? Is called "School nurse". Ages range: PreK-12. A. Exams: 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 B. An applicant for a School Nurse endorsement shall have graduated from a nationally accredited, four-year nursing program. The Standards Board, or its designee, shall issue a two-year Provisional License with an endorsement to an individual on the application of a superintendent or director of an independent school where licensure is required by state and/or federal law when the local district or independent school is unable to find an appropriately licensed and/or endorsed applicant after making all reasonable efforts to do so, or when a licensed or endorsed applicant does not possess the qualifications necessary for the specific assignment.

Occupational Therapist

Discipline Occupational Therapist
License/Certificate Occupational Therapist
State Department Office of Professional Regulation, Vermont Secretary of State
State Department Hyperlink https://www.sec.state.vt.us/professional-regulation/profession/occupational-therapy.aspx
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Successful completion of the the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy, Inc. (NBCOT) examination, 450.

Physical Therapist

Discipline Physical Therapist
License/Certificate Physical Therapist
State Department Office of Professional Regulation, Vermont Secretary of State
State Department Hyperlink https://www.sec.state.vt.us/professional-regulation/profession/physical-therapists.aspx
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Not Specified
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Pass the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSBPT) examination, or an equivalent examination approved by the Director, 600.

Psychologist

Discipline Psychologist
License/Certificate Psychologist
State Department Board of Psychological Examiners, Office of Professional Regulation
State Department Hyperlink https://www.sec.state.vt.us/professional-regulation/profession/psychological-examiners.aspx
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Doctorate's
Licensure Specific Curriculum/Coursework (a) Assessment: 9 credit hours (1) Assessment refers to psychological theory, research, and methods concerning the measurement and assessment of an individual's behavioral or psychological functioning. This section must include 3 credit hours of general foundation course(s) providing a general overview of the subject area. General foundation courses may include, but are not limited to: (A) Psychological Testing/Assessment; (B) Intellectual (Cognitive) Assessment; (C) Personality Testing/Assessment; and (D) Introduction to Psychometrics. (2) Assessment course(s) may cover areas such as the assessment of psychopathology, personality characteristics, intellectual functioning, skills and interests, and neuropsychological functioning. Assessment courses may include, but are not limited to: (A) Specialized courses: (i) Projective Testing; (ii) Neuropsychological Testing; (iii) Diagnostic Interviewing; (iv) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI); and (v) Tests and Measurements. (b) Intervention: 9 credit hours. Intervention courses relate to psychological theory, research, and methods concerning the remediation, treatment, or prevention of behavior disorders, adjustment problems, and psychopathology, or other disturbances in psychological functioning. Examples of relevant courses may include, but are not limited to the following: (1) Cognitive Psychotherapy; (2) Family Therapy; (3) Group Therapy; (4) Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Therapy; (5) Community Psychology; (6) Prevention of Psychopathology. (c) Psychopathology: 9 credit hours. (1) Psychopathology courses relate to psychological theory, research, and methods concerning the descriptive characteristics, diagnosis, and etiology of psychopathology, or mental and behavioral disorders of children and adults. This section must include 3 credit hours of foundation course(s) providing a general overview of the subject area. General foundation courses may include, but are not limited to: (A) Advanced Abnormal Psychology; (B) Child Psychopathology; (C) Adult Psychopathology; (D) DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) / ICD (International Classification of Diseases); (2) Examples of relevant specialized courses in psychopathology may include, but are not limited to the following: (A) Mood Disorders; (B) Substance Abuse; (C) Eating Disorders; (D) Mental Retardation; and (E) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). (d) Statistical Methods (Statistics or Research Methodology: 3 credit hours; and (e) Professional Ethics: 3 credit hours.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Applicants must successfully complete the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP), prepared by the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB), 500 2. Jurisprudence Examination

School Psychologist

Discipline School Psychologist
License/Certificate School Psychologist (66)
State Department Office of Educator Licensing, Vermont Agency of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://education.vermont.gov/licensing
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 12th grade
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 2. Praxis II: School Psychologist (0401): 165
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary 1. Alternative Route to Licensure: Peer Review Peer Review is for those who have a baccalaureate degree, but have not completed a traditional educator preparation program at a college or university. It is for individuals who have acquired the knowledge and skills needed to meet the 16 Principles for Vermont Educators and the endorsement competencies and requirements through coursework and life experience. 2. Other Approved Alternate Routes. An individual who holds at least a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited or state-approved institution and who has successfully completed a major, or its equivalent, in the liberal arts and sciences, or in the content area of the endorsement sought, may be licensed by completing an alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board. For endorsement areas requiring an advanced degree, the individual must hold the specified advanced degree in order to be deemed eligible to proceed with any other alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board.

Social Worker

Discipline Social Worker
License/Certificate Clinical Social Workers
State Department Office of Professional Regulation
State Department Hyperlink https://www.sec.state.vt.us/professional-regulation/profession/social-workers.aspx
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? The Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Clinical Examination. All ASWB examination scores are reported as pass/fail, with the number of questions needed to pass the examination, and because test questions change from one administration to the next, statistical adjustments must be made to account for small differences in the overall difficulty of individual examinations.
Additional requirements specific for schools? Is called "School social worker". Ages range: PreK-12. A. Exams: 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 B. The Standards Board, or its designee, shall issue a two-year Provisional License with an endorsement to an individual on the application of a superintendent or director of an independent school where licensure is required by state and/or federal law when the local district or independent school is unable to find an appropriately licensed and/or endorsed applicant after making all reasonable efforts to do so, or when a licensed or endorsed applicant does not possess the qualifications necessary for the specific assignment.

Speech Language Pathologist

Discipline Speech Language Pathologist
License/Certificate Speech Language Pathologist
State Department Vermont Department of Education, Office of Licensing and Professional Standards
State Department Hyperlink http://education.vermont.gov/licensing/become-an-educator/speech-language
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range Birth - Death
Degree Level Requirement Master's
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? Passing scores on the Praxis II examination or other examination in speech language pathology, a score of at least 600.
Additional requirements specific for schools? Additional requirements: A. A minimum of a practicum in an educational setting in the diagnosis and management of individuals with communication delays and disorders under the supervision of a licensed Educational Speech Language Pathologist or ASHA certified Speech Language Pathologist. B. 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 The Standards Board, or its designee, shall issue a two-year Provisional License with an endorsement to an individual on the application of a superintendent or director of an independent school where licensure is required by state and/or federal law when the local district orindependent school is unable to find an appropriately licensed and/or endorsed applicant after making all reasonable efforts to do so, or when a licensed or endorsed applicant does not possess the qualifications necessary for the specific assignment.

Vision Specialist

Discipline Vision Specialist
License/Certificate Teacher of the Blind and Visually Impaired (67)
State Department Office of Educator Licensing, Vermont Agency of Education
State Department Hyperlink http://education.vermont.gov/licensing
Type of License/Certificate Licensure/Certificate
Age Range 3 yrs - 21 yrs
Degree Level Requirement Bachelor's
Licensure Require Specific Field or Clinical Work? Evidence of at least twelve (12) consecutive weeks of student teaching, or an equivalent learning experience as determined by Standards Board policy or by the requirements of the endorsement.
Licensure Dependent on an Exam? 1. Praxis I Pre-Professional Skills Tests in Writing, Reading and Math or an approved alternative test. The assessments are available in two formats, the paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Computerized PPST. *PPST Reading (0710) 177; Writing (0720) 174; Mathematics (0730) 175 *C-PPST Reading (5710) 177; Writing (5720) 174; Mathematics (5730) 175 2. All applicants for initial or additional endorsements in Early Childhood Education, Special Education, and any other endorsement areas identified thereafter by the Standards Board, shall be required to meet the passing score established by the Standards Board on the Praxis II examination or other examination selected by the Standards Board in the endorsement area sought. (Cannot find information regarding Praxis II passing score for early childhood special educator)
Alternative Route Provisional or temporary 1. Alternative Route to Licensure: Peer Review Peer Review is for those who have a baccalaureate degree, but have not completed a traditional educator preparation program at a college or university. It is for individuals who have acquired the knowledge and skills needed to meet the 16 Principles for Vermont Educators and the endorsement competencies and requirements through coursework and life experience. 2. Other Approved Alternate Routes. An individual who holds at least a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited or state-approved institution and who has successfully completed a major, or its equivalent, in the liberal arts and sciences, or in the content area of the endorsement sought, may be licensed by completing an alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board. For endorsement areas requiring an advanced degree, the individual must hold the specified advanced degree in order to be deemed eligible to proceed with any other alternate preparation process approved by the Standards Board.